Like for instance, after the completion of HSC or its equivalent examination, one can enrol for the Bachelor of Arts or B.A. degree. Admission to this course is based on merit. However, there are several institutions in India where an entrance test is conducted to select students for this course. Different subjects can be studied in this course which include; History, Geography, Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, Regional languages, Hindi, Sanskrit, etc. After graduation they can complete their Master's degree or can start their career in various fields like teaching, media, advertising, public relations, counselling and administrative works.
Bachelor of Commerce or B.Com is a course of three-year duration. This under-graduate degree course covers the same coursework to that of a Bachelor of Business Administration or BBA, except that B.Com gives more importance to theory and business principles as compared to BBA. After successful completion of this course one can pursue a career in the fields such as Banking and Finance, Actuarial Science, Financial Accounting and Auditing, Auditing and Cost Accounting, Company Secretarial Practice, Foreign Trade Practice and Procedures, Law, etc. The course can also be done along with some of the vocational subjects like insurance, tourism and advertising. One who has completed HCS from commerce or science can opt for Bachelor in Commerce.
Bachelor of Science or B.Sc is an under-graduate course and its duration is three years. Once the HSC results are declared, a science student can go for a professional course like Engineering and Medical Science or the student can choose Bachelor of Science. Several options available in this course are Physics, Math, Chemistry and Biotechnology with Biology, Botany, Zoology, Bachelor of Computer Applications, and Microbiology. One who has passed HSC examinations from science stream is eligible for the Bachelor in Science course. Some of the institutions conduct entrance test for selecting students in this course while several other institutions in India depend on the merit of the candidate for selection into this course.
Bachelor of Mass Media (BMM) is another career option after HSC. The duration of this course is three years. The BMM course usually comprises six semesters, which takes three years to get completed. The student is required to choose a specialisation as Journalism or Advertising in the third year. The subjects covered by this course in the three year duration are segregated in different semesters. After the successful completion of Bachelor of Mass Media one can choose to do different courses. These courses are Masters of Mass Media, Event Management, MBA in Advertising, Masters in Public Relations, Masters in Mass Communication and Journalism, etc. After completing BMM, a candidate can also pursue a career in fields like Sales and Marketing, Journalism, Advertising, Film-making, Public Relations, Web Journalism, Broadcasting Media, Event Management, etc. There are institutes where entrance test including written exams, group discussion and personal interview for selection into this course is mandatory while in other institutions the merit of a student is taken into consideration.
Among the several courses, one can go for graduation in any particular field or can opt for any under-graduate diploma course. The graduation courses available in India include Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) . The duration of Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery course is 5 and a half year including internship. After completing the graduation of BHMS, a candidate can go for a Postgraduate Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. One can also start a career as a private practitioner or as a faculty in Medical Institutes. One needs to have completed plus two or equivalent level exam having Physics, Biology, Chemistry and English as core subjects in order to be eligible for this course. Getting admission for this test is based on merit, while there are states where admission to this course is determined by a joint entrance exam. Some of the reputed colleges in India offering Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery course are Smt. Chandaben Mohanbhai Patel Homeopathic Medical College, Mumbai, Nehru Homeopathic Medical College, Delhi, and Calcutta Homeopathic Medical College, Kolkata.
Bachelor of Science (Nursing) or Bachelor of Nursing Science is another popular course option for the students after completing HSC. This is the most critical part of all forms of medical care. This course is also of three years duration. One needs to complete the plus two or equivalent exam with Chemistry, Physics, English and Biology as main subjects in order to enrol into the Bachelor of Nursing Science course. There are several colleges in the country offering Bachelor of Nursing Science course.
Another sought after course in India is the Bachelors of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) course, which takes four years to get completed. After this course, a student can opt for Masters of Pharmacy (M.Pharm) and subsequently do a Ph. D in Pharmacy. For a bachelor of Pharmacy there are several jobs available. One can work in a pharmaceutical industry, universities, government departments, investigation and research institute, etc. In the pharmaceutical industry one can be involved in activities in connection with the formulation, development, production or marketing of new drugs for clinical use. Teaching profession can also be taken up by a pharmacist in a pharmacy college and university. In order to be eligible for this course one should have successfully completed the 10+2 examinations with Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Biology. There are institutes in India which conduct entrance test of their own for admission into this course. Some of the prominent colleges in India offering this course are Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Bombay College of Pharmacy, SNDT Women's University, Annamalai University, Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and more.
Bachelor of Science (IT) is one of the most suitable career options after HSC in India. The flourishing sector of information and technology in India is indicative of the fact that the software professionals of India are extremely valued. With a view of the steadily growing market for software professionals, the B. Sc. course in Information Technology has been introduced which covers a duration of three years and has 6 semesters. After the successful completion of B.Sc (IT) course an individual can go for either a course on M.Sc (IT) or can do MBA. An individual, after completing this course can also work in the field of Research and Development, Management, IT, etc. In order to be eligible for this course a needs to successfully complete the H.Sc examination with a certain percentage of marks in aggregate and with Mathematics as the core subject. For admission in to this course candidates need to sit for an entrance test. Several colleges in the country offer this course.
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS is a course of four year duration. After successful completion of the HSC examinations, an individual can choose course like B.E (Bachelor of Engineering), B.Sc (Bachelor of Science) or MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) according to his or her interest and the outcome of the HSC results. The Bachelor of Engineering can be undertaken in any one of the fields like Biotechnology Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Technology, Software Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering. Students completing HSC in the science stream are eligible to undertake this course. A common entrance test or CET or All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) determines the candidates for this course.
In the medical course the students are taught subjects like Biochemistry, Pharmacy, Surgery, Paediatrics, Ophthalmology, Physiology, Medicine, Pathology, Forensic Medicine, Microbiology and Gynaecology. Once the MBBS degree course is completed, an individual will be called a general physician. But today, specialisation in a certain area has become a pre-requisite. Students completing HSC with science stream are eligible for this course. One of the parameter for admissions into this course is the percentage of marks obtained in PCB combination or Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Admission to this course can only be possible by qualifying the Common Entrance Test or CET.
A Bachelor degree course in Hotel Management is a course which spans of a period of three years. It aims to equip all the trainees with the necessary skills and managerial responsibilities in some of the star category hotels, Ship and Cruise Line catering, Airline Catering, Institutional and Industrial Catering. Different options available in this course are Front Office operations and Management, Food and Beverage Services and Management, Personality Development, Food Production and Management, Catering Science. An individual after completing this course can pursue a suitable career in Accounts, Food and Beverage Department, Front Office, Housekeeping, Security, Maintenance, etc. Those who have successfully completed their HSC or equivalent examinations from any stream are eligible for this course. Several colleges conduct entrance test of their own for admission into this course.
Another career option after HSC in India is a degree course in Fashion Designing. This field has, of late, came out as one of the most sought-after careers amongst students in India. The total duration of this course is three years. Once this course is completed, an individual can go for Garment Manufacturing, Merchandising, Fashion Communication, Accessory Designing, Fashion Technology, Fashion Designing and Industrial Designing. In order to be eligible for this course a candidate need to have passed the HSC examinations in any stream. A Common Entrance Test is conducted by colleges individually for admission into the Fashion Designing course. Some of the major colleges in India offering this course are National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Fashion Design, National Institute of Design, etc.
Some of the other undergraduate courses which can be taken after HSc are Bachelor of Home Science, Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), etc. Apart from the above mentioned courses, one can choose to do Diploma courses in the fields like; Diploma course in Fine Arts, Diploma course in engineering, Diploma course in Fashion Designing, Diploma in Tour Management, Diploma in Retailing, Diploma in Paint Application Technology, Diploma in Tourism and Travel Industry Management, Diploma in Computer Application Technology, Diploma in Interior Design, Diploma in Medical Radiography, Diploma in Foreign Trade Management, Diploma in Customs Clearance, etc. These diploma courses can be done after successful completion of HS examinations.
(Last Updated on : 04-09-2013)
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