(Last Updated on : 03-04-2012)
Theatre Personalities of Jharkhand created the fusion art in their theatre forms. The influence of the various tribes and clans residing in Jharkhand can be noticed invariably in the works of the theatre personalities of Jharkhand
Jharkhand is home to a number of languages belonging to three major language families. For instance, the Indo-Aryan languages include Angika, Bhojpuri, Khortha, Nagpuri, Sadri, Hindi
. Thus the theatre personalities of Jharkhand used all the languages as a form of communication in their performing art. The Munda languages
like Kurmali, Korku, Mundari, Santhali, Bhumij, Kharia and Ho are also used by the theatre personalities of Jharkhand. However, the primary languages used in Jharkhand Theatre are Hindi and English. The Santhal tribe
influence can be clearly seen in the works of the theatre personalities of Jharkhand, through their tribal music and dance.
The theatre personalities of Jharkhand often perform special dramas during their cultural festivals like Sarhul, Karma
, Sohrai, Badna, Dussehra
and so on. Folk music of Jharkhand is extensively used in theatre. Akhariya Domkach, Dohari Domkach, Janani Jhumar, Mardana Jhumar, Faguwa, Udasi and Pawas are the popular music forms used by the theatre personalities of Jharkhand. Folk dance forms like Paika, Chaw, Jadur, Karma, Jamda, Ghatwari, Matha are also performed by the theatre personalities of Jharkhand in dramas. Bansuri
, Madanvari, Singa, Visamdhanki, Thapchanchu, Kartal are widely used instruments in Jharkhand theatre. Sometimes, tribal masks made of clay are used by the theatre personalities of Jharkhand during the performance.
The theatre personalities of Jharkhand have created a renaissance of performing arts in the state. The civilisation of the Jharkhand tribes took considerable time, followed by the evolution of theatrical performances. The theatre personalities of Jharkhand have contributed greatly in the foundation of Jharkhand theatre.
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