Higher Education in India is guaranteed to all irrespective of caste, creed and sex. Right to education is Human Rights and the United Nations' International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights states that "higher education shall be made equally accessible to all, on the basis of capacity, by every appropriate means, and in particular by the progressive introduction of free education". The higher education system of the country is monitored by an apex body and is indirectly controlled by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. History of Higher Education in India is very extensive. In the ancient days there were Universities and colleges and they used to impart the oldest formal education. The education system in India changed with different invasions.
Education system is India is categorized as a three tier system. The first and basic stage is the pre- primary level that further continues to Primary, secondary and tertiary level. The tertiary level is the post secondary or the phase of Higher Education in India. It is a non compulsory form of education which introduces the students to colleges and universities. These institutions of higher education provide students training on all subjects including science, arts and commerce. The subjects taught take in mathematics, literature, philosophy and astronomy. Colleges in India are funded by central or state governments.
Higher Education in India includes Universities that are affiliated to the state governments or central government. Universities in India are engineering education and business schools that are monitored and accredited by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). Various professional courses are offered by these universities and institutions. The students interested in technology and engineering can enroll in the prestigious IITs in India. The higher education in the country also produces trained business administrators. They get their training in the premier institutions of management and most esteemed among the management institutes are the IIMs in India. Admission to all these professional education colleges is done through all-India common admission tests such as IIT-JEE, AIEEE, CAT and CPMT.