(Last Updated on : 07/12/2013)
In India, Sarahattika has been acknowledged as one of the important medicinal plant. This plant possesses the botanical name Spilanthes oleracea. It is also known by different native names in different languages. In Bengali: roshunia; in English: Brazilian cress or Para cress; in Hindi: pakormul, pokarmul or ukra; in Konkani: acharbondi, pipulka; Kannada: vana; in Marathi: acharbondi, pipulka; in Punjabi: pakarmul; in Sanskrit: akalkar, maharashtri, in Tamil: ukra; Telugu: maratimogga, maratitige. This plant is cultivated in Indian gardens as an ornamental plant. Sarahattika is also nurtured for its pungent leaves which are used in salads.
Sarahattika is a perennial herb which is closely related to Spilanthes calva. It is a robust and succulent plant. This Indian medicinal Plant yields larger flower heads. The leaves are triangular or triangular-ovate in shape. They become obtuse and attenuate below. All florets are reddish-brown in colour and the achenes are scabrid. The Indian medicinal Plant, Sarahattika has intriguing medicinal properties and extensive uses. The whole plant is very acrid and the flower heads particularly cause profuse salivation when chewed.
The flowers from Sarahattika are used to treat headaches, paralysis of the tongue, infections of the throat and gums, and for toothache. The dried herb is also used of this Indian medicinal plant to relieve toothache, scurvy and gum troubles and is taken internally to treat gout and bladder pain.
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