The Karamardika is often grown as fences for its fragrant flowers and edible berries. This Indian medicinal plant rises upto 3.6 metres and has light grey, fibrous bark and rigid scattering branches with zig-zag branchlets armed with straight, 1.5-5-cm-long thorns. The leaves of Karamardika tree are 1.5-5 cm long and 1.2-4 cm wide, short petioled, broadly ovate, rhomboid or elliptic, coriaceous, apex acute and the base of the leaves are rounded.
The flowers of Karamardika are fragrant, white, sometimes tinged with pink, in axillary or terminal corymbose cymes. The corolla tube usually measures 1.2-2 cm long. The fruits of Karamardika are ovoid and almost 1.2 cm long, shining black or dark purple when ripe, containing almost 4 seeds. Flowers blossom between November and February in Central India.
Its roots are used as a purgative in combination with other ingredients. The ground roots are used to kill and prevent worm-infested sores in livestock. The flower, fruit and root of Karamardika tree are used to treat eye and ear disorders, vomiting, distaste, throat pain, body-ache, sweating and as a carminative.
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(Last Updated on : 10-12-2013)
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