Udghatyaka: When having heard some words and not understood their sense, the character adds some of his own to make a meaning out of them.
Avalagita: When parallel stage business such as hinting of the hero's entry is performed in unison.
Prapanca: A conversation exciting laughter.
Trigata: Deriving more than one meaning from words, leading to laughter.
Chala: Deception by words apparently friendly but inimical in reality.
Vakkeli: It is a passage exciting laughter by means of two or three rejoinders. According to others, it defines breaking off a speech before its sense is complete, or a single answer to a variety of questions.
Adhibala: This is an interlocution of high words in mutual defiance.
Ganda: A hurried or sudden speech causally connected with a matter in hand, though having a different significance having no intended reference to what it chances to be connected with.
Avasyandita: This is an interpretation of a speech contrary to the sense in which it was first spoken.
Nalika: This is enigma associated with pleasantry. Its being attended with a joke distinguishes it from avasyandita.
Asatpralapa: This is incoherent or nonsensical talk, as by a mad person or when one awakes from sleep.
Vyahara: These are words spoken giving rise to laughter in the hero.
Mridava: When faults turn into merit or merits into faults.
These above mentioned elements occurred in nataka, bhana, and other forms, but derived from vithi, which proves its significance.
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