Bread is a staple food prepared from a dough of wheat flour and water, usually by baking. Throughout recorded history it has been popular around the world and is one of the oldest foods. There are many combinations and proportions of types of flour and other ingredients, and also of different traditional recipes and modes of preparation of bread.
The Indianised version of bread is popularly known as "Roti" or "Chapatti". Since it is the staple food of many Indians, it is very easy to prepare. Depending on local custom and convenience, bread may be served in various forms at any meal of the day. Indian breads are a wide variety of flatbreads which are an integral part of Indian cuisine. Their variation reflects the diversity of Indian culture and food habits. Most flatbreads from northern India are made primarily from milled flour, usually atta or maida, and water. Some flatbreads, especially paratha, may be stuffed with vegetables and layered with either ghee or butter.
Pizza is an oven-baked flat bread generally topped with tomato sauce and cheese. It is commonly supplemented with a selection of meats, vegetables and condiments. The term was first recorded in the 10th century, in a Latin manuscript from Italy. Pizza is sold fresh, frozen or in portions. Various types of ovens are used to cook them and many varieties exist.
Cake is a form of sweet dessert that is typically baked. In its oldest forms, cakes were modifications of breads but now cover a wide range of preparations. Cake is often served as a celebratory dish on ceremonial occasions, for example weddings, anniversaries and birthdays. There are countless cake recipes; some are bread-like, some rich and elaborate, and many are centuries old.
Typical cake ingredients are flour, sugar, eggs and butter with some recipes also requiring additional liquid and leavening agents. Common additional flavourings include dried, candied or fresh fruit, nuts, cocoa or extracts, and numerous substitutions for the primary ingredients are possible. Cakes can also be filled with fruit preserves or dessert sauces, iced with buttercream or other icings, and decorated with marzipan, piped borders, or candied fruit.