(Last Updated on : 31/07/2014)
Lakshminath Bezbaruah, born on 1968, was a prolific and versatile writer of Assam. He was the composer of the state anthem. He enriched every genre and worked with missionary zeal to establish Assamese language and literature on its own strength. He particularly excelled in low humour and satire, and is regarded as the father of the Assamese short story. He wrote eight plays, four farces, three historical works, and a one act drama. He started his literary career with a farce, Litikai i.e. 'Servant', serialized from the first issue of Jonaki i.e. 'Firefly', the epoch-making Assamese journal established in 1889. All his farces were based on folk tales. Some of these can be mentioned as Nomal, Pachani i.e. the messenger of a head Vaishnava monk in 1913, and Chikarpati-Nikarpati i.e. 'Chikarpati and Nikarpati' in 1913. His last play, Gadadhar Raja in 1918, was the first Assamese one-act. He called it chora gharia i.e. 'drawing-room drama'.
Bezbaroa published all his historical drama in 1915. The names are Jaymati Kunwari or 'Princess Jaymati,' cinematized by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala as Jaymati in 1935, Chakradhivaj Singha i.e. a seventeenth-century Ahom king, and Belimar or 'Sunset'. These plays were written with the purpose of infusing patriotism. Being the most vocal spokesman of modern Assamese self-assertion, he applied the motive of instilling confidence and self-respect among the Assamese in everything he wrote, though this often detracted from the literary quality. This legendary writer died in the year of 1938.
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