History of Hypnotism
The term Hypnosis was coined by Doctor James Braid in 1842. It is derived from the Greek word ‘Hypnos’, which means sleep, referring to the trance-like state in which the subject enters. Instances of Hypnotic practices have been found since ancient times in Egypt. The evolution of hypnotism as a scientific discipline took place in the West in the 18th century.
Hypnotism in India
The tradition of hypnotic practices in India goes back a long way. Indian Yogis and Rishis used self-hypnosis during meditation in order to calm down and still their minds. In fact the Indian counterpart of hypnosis is Sammohan, which can be explained as the power of attraction. It has been in practice in India since Vedic period. It is widely held that no Yoga or Meditation is possible without hypnosis. The use of hypnotism as a scientific discipline was brought to India by the Scottish surgeon Dr James Esdaile. He worked in Kolkata during the 19th century and started using mesmerism to anaesthetize patients during surgery.
Types of Hypnosis
There are various kinds of hypnotic practice. Self-hypnosis, waking hypnosis and walking hypnosis are various types of hypnosis. These are autosuggestion by which a person hypnotizes himself or herself. In walking hypnosis the person can enter the trance state while repeating a monotonous work like walking, gardening, etc. Waking hypnosis is the procedure where hypnosis is possible without entering the trance.
Apart from this, hypnosis may also be classified into other distinct types, and they include Traditional hypnosis, Ericksonian hypnosis and Neuro Linguistic Programming.
Benefits of Hypnosis
The benefits of Hypnosis are many and they are utilized for both psychological as well as pathological ailments. It helps to bring about self-improvement, changing attitudes, behaviour, mental and emotional anxiety, tension, memory loss, hallucinations, compulsions, delusions and false memory, weight management, past life regression and aesthetic benefits during surgery etc. whereas self-hypnosis is useful for some problems, other need hypnotherapy. Hypnotism today finds use in medicine, psychology, entertainment, dermatology, education, surgery and even dentistry. Hypnotism can help make a person independent enough to solve his own problems. Today, hypnotism is being used in forensics, sports, physical therapy and rehabilitation.