(Last Updated on : 21/12/2013)
The Indian Wild Boar is a member of the Suidae family and the ancestor of the domestic pig in the Indian subcontinent.
The thick skin of the wild boar of India is grayish black in colour, which is covered with bristle like hair. It can grow to a length of six feet and can weigh as much as two hundred kilograms. The wild oar has a prominent ridge of hair, which match the spine. It has a short and straight tail and the snout is narrow. The striking part of the Wild boar is the pair of extended canines, which grow upward as well as outward. They possess an acute sense of smell, eyesight and hearing power.
The wild boars wander in groups and are known as sounders. It consists of two to three boars while the rest of the boars are young ones. Generally, a sounder comprises of twenty animals in an average. The adult male joins the sounders during the mating season and prefers to stay alone throughout the year. They are nocturnal creatures that become aggressive when attacked.
The Indian Wild Boar eats more or less everything from nuts, berries, carrion, roots, tubers, refuse, insects, small reptiles, etc. They also consume young deer and lambs.
The wild boars do not have any fixed mating period. Whenever they decide to mate, the males fight among themselves and the dominant male decides to mate with the female boar. A female wild boar usually gives birth in the spring season and it consists of four to six cubs.
The Wild Indian Boar is declining at a rapid pace from the Indian subcontinent because of the poaching as well as destruction of its habitat.