History of Inception
Indian academicians Humayun Kabir and Jogendra Singh with the help of the then Chief Minister of West Bengal B.C. Roy formed a committee in 1946 to consider the creation of Higher Technical Institutions for India technical advancements. Accordingly, a twenty two-member committee headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar was formed. The Sarkar committee recommended that the Higher Technical Institutions to be established in various parts of the country along the format of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In May 1950, the first Indian Institute of Technology was established in Esplanade East, Kolkata and was named 'Eastern Higher Technical Institute'. However, it was shifted to its permanent campus at Hijli, Kharagpur in September the same year. The name, Indian Institute of Technology, was adopted before the formal inauguration of the institute. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad did the formal inauguration of the institute on 18 August 1951.
This institute share a common visitor and IIT council with other IIT's. The method of functioning and organizational structure is distinctly different from other IIT and top institutes of the country. It has different set of rules and regulation assigned for the institute. The Board of Governor of IIT Kharagpur is directly under the IIT council and the 13 member representatives are includes from states like Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The director of the institute who serves as chief officer of the executive and academic department of the IIT is under the Board of Governors. Immediately under him is the deputy director. The post of deans, registrar, Head of Departments, school council's president and the chairman of the management committee are directly under the director and deputy director. The policies related to the academic issues are taken after a joint meet of the senate that consists of all the professors of the faculty and representation from students group and administrative section as well. The matters related to the institute courses, examinations, appointment of teachers are all taken by the senate.
The institute has nineteen academic departments, eight multidisciplinary schools and thirteen centres of excellence along with laboratories and research facility centres. The Central library of the institute is the biggest technical library of Asia. IIT Kharagpur offers three kinds of degrees in its undergraduate programmes. It includes Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) and Bachelor of Science. It offers postgraduate degrees in technology (M.Tech) management (MBA) and science (M.Sc). Besides this, some specialized postgraduate programmes include Postgraduate Diploma in Information Technology (PGDIT), Master in Medical Science and Technology (MMST), Master of City Planning (MCP), Postgraduate Diploma in Intellectual Property Law (PGDIPL), and Postgraduate Diploma in Maritime Operation and Management (PGDMOM). It offers the Ph.D degree as a part of its doctoral education programme. The examination is held in semester basis and the medium of instruction is English. The admission to different courses is held through various entrance tests and tough rounds of personal interviews.
The campus life of IIT Kharagpur is exciting. Students have to stay in hostels as a part of their study and participate in various events. The four broad categories of events are Sports, Social and Cultural activities, and Technology and Hall affairs. The institute also organizes techno- management festival known as Kshitij. The annual robotics competition Robotix is organized during Kshitij. The cultural festival, Spring Fest is held January, which includes cultural activities along with performances by famous singers and performers. Illumination and Rangoli festivals are two other popular and exclusive events of IIT Kharagpur.
The institute is located 120 kilometres west of Kolkata and the campus is five kilometres from the Kharagpur Railway station. Other than the institute main building, the campus has The Jnan Ghosh Stadium and Tata Sports Complex which hosts large scale sports competitions. The Tagore Open air Theatre hosts cultural programmes. Other than this, there is the spacious Science and Technology Entrepreneurs Park, which provides infrastructural assistance to alumni who want to become entrepreneurs but lack the infrastructure to start the project.
The institute has a distinguished alumni base that has left their marks in their activities in India and abroad.