The production of sital pati is a household industry in Assam. Generally, men prepare the cane slips, while women do the weaving work. People mainly from Kacchhar district of Assam are involved in this craft. The mat makers mostly belong to the Muslim community. The villages famous for the production of sital pati in Cachhar district are Katakhal, Kaliganj,Basigram, Karimpur, and Sridurgapur.
Sitalpati are lovely mats and very much expressive of its quality, made from green cane slips. The usual motifs are creepers, trees, animals, birds, geometrical designs and stylish human forms. Each design is enclosed in a square made up of lines. Sometimes different animals made in a single mat are also found. Circles are mostly repeated but with different decorations. Chowpat, a design of four squares with four empty squares are also made. Procedure of making Sitalpati.
Procedure of making Sittalpatti
The manufacture of sital pati involves many complicated processes. Sitalpati is made from a marshy reed indigenous named as mohtra reed. Unlike reeds of the khag variety, it has no joints. Like other reeds, it grows on marshy and water logged areas and is found in abundance in choked up tanks and damp hill slopes.
The reeds are washed in soda and dried. Then they are split to clean out the soft stuff inside and sized to make all the pieces in equal width. These pieces are then boiled in water for three to four hours and dried. Colouring of the splits is done by indigenous methods. White (ivory) colour is obtained by boiling the splits in water, wherein other ingredients, such as boiled rice juice, hibicus safdariffa and tamarind leaves are mixed. For black colour, the splits packed into bundles are wrapped up with mango barks and kept under the mud for about 7 days. In order to obtain red colour, the cane splits are boiled in water mixed with mezenta (a kind of chemical dye-stuff).. After that, they are stiffened with starch (boiled rice water) and dyed if necessary. The splits are then woven in a closed weave and designs are made by using dyed slips. Generally the warp is of one colour and the weft of another. Some times two styles are worked together to produce a number of designs.
The sittal patti designs produced by the patikars of Assam are Fulpata (flower leaves with creepeers), Dalani, Cup-plate, Taj Mahal, Tree, Birds, etc.
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