Indian Dalits - Informative & researched article on Indian Dalits
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Villages


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Villages > Indian Villages > Indian Dalits
Indian Dalits
Dalit Theology advocates liberation among the Dalit castes of India since the 1980s.
 
 Indian DalitsDalit theology is a stem of Christian theology that surfaced among the Indian Dalits in the 1980s. It shares many themes with the liberation theology, which cropped up two decades before. The unique aspect of Dalit theology lies in the fact that it believes in Jesus himself being a Dalit or an outcaste.

The etymology of the term "Dalit" can be traced back to the 19th century when a Marathi social reformer and revolutionary Mahatma Jyotirao Phule used this term to describe the "outcastes" and "untouchables" as the "oppressed and crushed victims of the Indian caste system". Dalits who represent roughly 20% of the Indian population (200 million), were considered untouchables as a result of the Hindu concept of "ritual pollution and purity". They were also landless agricultural laborers and tanners. They were debarred from using village water tanks and public roads. Temple doors were closed on them.

This dalit concept was also within the Christians. Though Catholics of the lower caste and tribes form 60 per cent of Church membership they have no place in decision-making. The entry of colonialism made it possible for the Dalits to search for new means of protest and liberation. Some Dalits incorporated themselves into the colonial system by joining the army or by serving as apprenticed laborers in British colonies. Several views are expressed regarding the causes for Dalit conversion to Christianity. They vary from the spiritual to the socio-economic.

Indian Dalits in post Independent India sought new avenues of liberation, which became a part of the Dalit theology. One of the best instances of this new wave of Dalit liberation movement was the Dalit Panther Movement in Maharashtra, which made popular the use of the term Dalit. Further there was a rise in the Dalit literature in 1960s. Black American Literature immensely influenced Dalit literary movements. One of the salient features of the Dalit theology is that it is a theology about the downtrodden, "the theology which they themselves would like to expound". One of the major sources of the Dalit theology is the Dalit experience of suffering and pain. The theology has a two fold function. First, it acts in harmony with the aim of liberation. This liberation is a freedom from both the religio-cultural and socio-economic bondages. The theological movements also have a lot of psychological dimensions which are of equal importance.

(Last Updated on : 23/04/2014)
More Articles in Indian Villages  (13)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Villages
Rural Population in India
Rural population in India comprises a major portion of the total Indian population. A majority of the total Indian population live in the numerous villages, scattered throughout the country.
North Indian Village Festivals
North Indian Village Festivals are unique in nature and style of celebration, and comprise the different colourful festive events which are observed with immense pomp and glory in the northern Indian states.
Village life in East India
Village Life in East India is rich in its cuisine, costumes, culture and agriculture.
Villages of Uttar Pradesh
Endowed with natural beauty, villages of Uttar Pradesh are home to a variety of religious communities.
History of Indian Villages
A peep into the History of Indian Villages lead to a treasure house of ancient tradition and culture.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Villages
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
 
 
Indian Dalits - Informative & researched article on Indian Dalits
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.