(Last Updated on : 30/05/2012)
Cello is a popular bowed string instrument that has four strings tuned in ideal fifths. This instrument is a member of violin
family of musical instruments that also includes viola, violin and double bass. A person playing a cello will be called a cellist. This instrument is used as solo instrument in chamber music, in string orchestra and also as member of string section of orchestra. This happens to be the second largest string instrument in modern symphony orchestra with the double bass being the largest.
Cellos were also derived from other mid to large sized bowed instruments in 16th century like viola da gamba and generally smaller and squarer viola da braccio, and such instruments made by members of Amati family of luthiers. The invention of wire-wrapped strings in Bologna gave the cello greater versatility. By the 18th century the cello had largely replaced other mid-sized bowed instruments.
The name Cello happens to be a shorten version of Italian violoncello that means "little violone" actually referring to violene (Big Viola
), the low pitched instrument in the violin family.
Use of Cello
There is several use of Cello in music. It is an instrument that is used for orchestral purposes. This instrument forms the standard symphony orchestra that generally includes eight to twelve players.
It can also be used as an instrument for solo purposes. There are many players who perform solo with the help of Cello. The sound of Cello provides an unique flavour and sound to the
Construction of Cello
The construction of Cello is typically done by wood and there are other materials also used like carbon fibre and aluminium. Conventionally a Cello has a spruce top with maple for the back, sides and also for the neck. Strong wood, preferably willow, is used for the construction of this instrument. Not so expensive cellos frequently have tops and backs made of laminated wood. The quality of the wood is always taken care of as it adds to the quality of the sound.
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