Jikir Songs, Assamese Folk Music - Informative & researched article on Jikir Songs, Assamese Folk Music
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Music


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Drama & Theatre|Indian Music|Indian Movies|Indian Television
Home > Movies & Entertainment > Indian Music > Indian Folk Music > Jikir Songs
Jikir Songs, Assamese Folk Music
Jikir songs are religious folk songs from the state of Assam, steeped in spiritual devotion and fervour. They are quite similar to Sufist ideals.
 
 Jikir Songs, Assamese Folk MusicJikir songs are certain religion-based folk songs popular in the Assam state of India. Zikir songs embody the teaching of Islam and were prevalent among the Muslims of Assam. The Jikir songs are in a sense an Islamic counterpart of Dehbicarar Geets.

Meaning of Zikir
The word Zikir, derived from Arabic "Ziqr", literary means singing or remembering Allah's name or "spiritual chants".

History of Jikir Songs
These songs were mainly composed and popularized during the reign of Gadadhar Singha (1681-96) by the 17th century Sufi saint and poet Hazrat Shah Miran, popularly known as Ajan Fakir. Ajan Fakir came to Assam from Bagdad and settled in Suwaguri Sapori, near present Sibsagar town of Assam in the north-eastern part of India. In this journey, he was accompanied by his brother Shah Navi. As per legend, the poet received the name "Ajan Fakir" or "Ajan Pir" because he was the one who taught the Assamese Muslim to recite "Azan" as its part of Muslim ritual. Although, Islam does not promote music and dance for entertainment, from the religious perspective there is no restriction as such. Ajan Pir and his disciples, known as "Bhakat" in Assamese, practiced Zikir, dancing and singing with hand clapping like folk performance.

Content of Jikir Songs
The central idea of the futility of life and man-made institutions forms the content of all the Jikir compositions. Except a few words of Arabic and Persian origin interspersed in the texture of the songs, their diction, syntax and language are almost of a similar nature. Even the Vaishnava concept of Nama appears to be the spiritual inspiration of these Jikir songs to a certain extent:

'nama is the charioteer that goes with life. I have read Him and Kalma too, Everything slips, and slips by; What is written in one's destiny, There is no escape from it. '

Through most of these Jikirs, the idea of illusion, resignation to Allah and an overpowering desire to lose one's identity with Him runs in the way of the doctrines of Sufism. It must be noted here that Sufism and Vaishnavism have many common features. Thus, the Jikirs reflect the idea of Sufism.

(Last Updated on : 07/05/2014)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Indian Folk Music  (69)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Music
Composers of Jaipur Senia Gharana
Jaipur has produced several composers of Jaipur Senia Gharana. Some of the notable composers were Amir Khan, Barkatulla Khan, Ashiq Ali Khan, Mustaq Ali Khan and many others.
Pandit Motiram Pandit Maniram Sangeet Samaroh
Pandit Motiram Pandit Maniram Sangeet Samaroh is an annual cultural festival of music organised in the memory of noted classical singer Pandit Jasraj in memory of his father and brother, both classical musicians of repute.
Maihar Gharana
Maihar gharana is a school of North Indian classical music. It was formed mainly by the sarod master Ustad Allaudin Khan.
Algoze
Algoze is a wind instrument that is popular in Punjab and used in Punjabi folk music.
Sophie Choudry
Sophie Choudry is an Indian singer and film actress. Her first remix album was Sophie & Dr. Love which went on to become chart-topper for six months in India. She won UK Asian Pop Award for Best Female Newcomer in 2001.
Forum
Forum on Indian Music
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Entertainment
 
 
Jikir Songs, Assamese Folk Music - Informative & researched article on Jikir Songs, Assamese Folk Music
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.