Gardenia , Indian Shrub - Informative & researched article on Gardenia , Indian Shrub
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Shrubs > Gardenia
Gardenia , Indian Shrub
The Gardenia is one of the most popular shrubs in India and is a proud member of the `Rubiaceae` family.
 Gardenia , Indian ShrubThe scientists of the world named the `Gardenia` as `Gardenia Iasminoides` and this shrub is a proud member of the `Rubiaceae` family. The name `Gardenia` was given in order to show honour to the famous botanist of South Carolina, Dr. Alexandra Garden and the word `Iasminoides` means, "resembling Jasmine". It is one of the most popular shrubs in India and it has a number of names in various languages of India. Both the Hindi and Bengali speaking people named the shrub as `Gandharaj`. In Malay, this is called as `Bunga China`. It has another name in English as `Cape Jasmine`.

The shrub grows very well in tropical and sub-tropical conditions and also where the temperature is high. Its origin is China and Japan and it can form a dense, evergreen shrub when you keep it in shape. The shrub is always attractive as it has dark glossy foliage and some large white flowers. The flowers finish their appearance only in the Winter. The crowded leaves of the `Gardenia` grow in opposite pairs and twists. They are of a rich, pale green colour at the young age and they change to a deep, dark colour by the course of time. They are usually long and slender and they get thinner to a very short stalk. The stalk has some deep, pale-coloured nerves. The new leaves have a polished appearance because of a resinous substance contained in them.

If cultivated, the `Gardenia` usually bears double flowers that are up to 7.5 cm. across. They appear on short stalks and they are single near the ends of the twigs. They are also showy and got a very wonderful perfume. Just before the blooms fall, unluckily the pure white of the fresh flowers changes to dull ochre. The calyx of the shrub is a long, green coloured and wavy tube. This tube opens into five or six prickles or teeth. The fruit is a corrugated, orange coloured berry. It contains a pulp that is orange in colour and a lot of seeds. However, the shrub does not often bear mature fruit. Usually it propagates by cuttings or layers. There are some varieties of the shrub that have larger, double flowers.

(Last Updated on : 02/07/2013)
More Articles in Indian Shrubs  (17)
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Jawahar Deer Park
Jawahar Deer Park, popularly known as Shamirpet Deer Park is the paradise for the deer and other local birds.
Mrugavani National Park
Mrugavani National Park, in Hyderabad, shelters a large assortment of flora and fauna in an urban forest eco-system.
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, in Hyderabad, is the abode of diverse flora and fauna offering a close rendezvous with nature to the tourists. It also hosts the famous Chiran Palace.
Siju Bird Sanctuary
Siju Bird Sanctuary, in Meghalaya, is the home to a large assortment of avian species including the native as well as migratory ones. Several rare birds also inhabit the sanctuary.
Kotagarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Kotagarh Wildlife Sanctuary, in Odisha, is a spectacular wildlife reserve which hosts a rich biodiversity amid a wondrous landscape. It is also the centre of various research works and breeding programs.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Gardenia , Indian Shrub - Informative & researched article on Gardenia , Indian Shrub
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.