Gardenia , Indian Shrub - Informative & researched article on Gardenia , Indian Shrub
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Shrubs > Gardenia
Gardenia , Indian Shrub
The Gardenia is one of the most popular shrubs in India and is a proud member of the `Rubiaceae` family.
 Gardenia , Indian ShrubThe scientists of the world named the `Gardenia` as `Gardenia Iasminoides` and this shrub is a proud member of the `Rubiaceae` family. The name `Gardenia` was given in order to show honour to the famous botanist of South Carolina, Dr. Alexandra Garden and the word `Iasminoides` means, "resembling Jasmine". It is one of the most popular shrubs in India and it has a number of names in various languages of India. Both the Hindi and Bengali speaking people named the shrub as `Gandharaj`. In Malay, this is called as `Bunga China`. It has another name in English as `Cape Jasmine`.

The shrub grows very well in tropical and sub-tropical conditions and also where the temperature is high. Its origin is China and Japan and it can form a dense, evergreen shrub when you keep it in shape. The shrub is always attractive as it has dark glossy foliage and some large white flowers. The flowers finish their appearance only in the Winter. The crowded leaves of the `Gardenia` grow in opposite pairs and twists. They are of a rich, pale green colour at the young age and they change to a deep, dark colour by the course of time. They are usually long and slender and they get thinner to a very short stalk. The stalk has some deep, pale-coloured nerves. The new leaves have a polished appearance because of a resinous substance contained in them.

If cultivated, the `Gardenia` usually bears double flowers that are up to 7.5 cm. across. They appear on short stalks and they are single near the ends of the twigs. They are also showy and got a very wonderful perfume. Just before the blooms fall, unluckily the pure white of the fresh flowers changes to dull ochre. The calyx of the shrub is a long, green coloured and wavy tube. This tube opens into five or six prickles or teeth. The fruit is a corrugated, orange coloured berry. It contains a pulp that is orange in colour and a lot of seeds. However, the shrub does not often bear mature fruit. Usually it propagates by cuttings or layers. There are some varieties of the shrub that have larger, double flowers.

(Last Updated on : 02/07/2013)
More Articles in Indian Shrubs  (17)
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Kameng Elephant Reserve
Kameng Elephant Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh is a popular elephant reserve which was established in 2002 and is home to a large number of wild animals including over 377 Indian Elephants, Red Panda, Royal Bengal Tiger, butterflies and several other creatures.
Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve
Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve, West Bengal is the only elephant reserve in east India which was set up in the year 1987 and was proclaimed as an Elephant Reserve on 24th October, 2002.
Baramulla Eco Park
Baramulla Eco Park in Jammu and Kashmir is set on an island in the Jhelum River enveloped by scenic surroundings and blissful serenity.
Singhbhum Elephant Reserve
Singhbhum Elephant Reserve, Jharkhand was set up during 2001 for protecting the population of Asiatic Elephants under project Tiger undertaking of the Forest Advisory Committee and is connected to six forest divisions
Coimbatore Elephant Reserve
Coimbatore Elephant Reserve, Tamil Nadu boasts of innumerable elephants, wandering across vast areas occupied by elephant pathways and also contains a large quantity of other wild animals, amphibians, birds, etc.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Gardenia , Indian Shrub - Informative & researched article on Gardenia , Indian Shrub
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.