Accordion, Wind Instrument - Informative & researched article on Accordion, Wind Instrument
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Music

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Drama & Theatre|Indian Music|Indian Movies|Indian Television
Home > Movies & Entertainment > Indian Music > Indian Musical Instruments > Accordion
Accordion, Wind Instrument
Accordion is a musical instrument which is bellows-driven and also has a keyboard; in India the accordion is used mainly in film songs.
 Accordion, Wind InstrumentAccordion is a box-shaped musical instrument which belongs to the hand-held bellows-driven category. It is a portable instrument which is also sometimes referred to as a squeezebox. The oldest name for the instruments belonging to this group is the harmonika. Today the name accordion is more common. The accordion as we know it today was patented by Cyrill Demian, which concerned 'automatically coupled chords on the bass side'. The accordion has been used most often in folk music in Europe and the Americas. It became very popular in Russia. An instrument called the bayan, with its own unique keyboard layout, was developed from it, for which various Russian composers have written music. Very often, the accordion has been referred to as a one man band because it needs no accompanying instrument. A person who plays the accordion is called an accordionist.

The Accordion is played as a bellow instrument. It is played by compressing or expanding a bellows whilst pressing buttons or keys, causing valves, called pallets, to open, which allow air to flow across strips of brass or steel, called reeds, which vibrate to produce sound inside the body. Accordions have piano keys and push buttons. The right hand plays these melody keys and buttons. The left hand plays the accompaniment consisting of bass and pre-set chord buttons. The Accordionist hangs his instrument from a belted sling and holds it to the body, which makes it easy to play standing up.

On the slightly large instruments all kinds of tone combinations can be obtained through register stop keys that introduce a whole bank of tonal effects, including a tremolo. The button accordion has three rows of descant buttons. Accordion, Wind InstrumentThe accordion models with five rows do not have a wider compass. The extra rows are duplicates which have been made in order to facilitate ease of playing. Depending on the instrument, the bass side has between 24 and 140 bass notes. Only the first rows have individual notes, the remainder being chord keys or buttons, such as for major thirds, minor thirds, and sevenths. On the larger instruments, special tone combinations are available.

Quite a few twentieth century composers have written music for the accordion, including Paul Dessau, Serge Prokofiev, Virgil Thomson, Roberto Gerhardt, and Frans Vuursteen. The Dutchman, Harry Mooten, is a virtuoso accordionist who plays Bach arrangements as well as light music. It is commonly associated with busking. Some popular music acts also make use of the instrument. Additionally, the accordion is sometimes used in both solo and orchestra performances of classical music.

In the Indian music scenario, the accordion is often used in the film industry as an accompaniment for Hindi film songs. It is also used for stage shows and pop music concerts. The most popular form of the accordion used here is the piano accordion.

(Last Updated on : 16/07/2014)
More Articles in Indian Musical Instruments  (144)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Music
Rajasthani Musical Instruments
Rajasthani musical instruments are widely used as accompaniments as well as individually for entertainment.
Sapp is a popular Punjabi percussion instrument in the genre of folk music.
Gharanas of Hindustani Vocal Music
Gharanas of Hindustani Vocal Music constitute of the Dhrupad Gharanas and the Khayal Gharanas that make up the structure of gharana system in Indian music.
Mohori is a type of tribal and folk oboe used in India. The use of this wind instrument can be traced back a long way, almost to the 6th century AD.
Xylophone is a musical instrument consisting of several wooden bars which are struck with mallets; it belongs to the family of percussion instruments.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Music
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Entertainment
Accordion, Wind Instrument - Informative & researched article on Accordion, Wind Instrument
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.