Shami, White Kutch, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Shami, White Kutch, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Shami Plant
Shami, White Kutch, Indian Medicinal Plant
Shami or White kutch is found in different parts of India and is known for its medicinal properties.
 
 Shami, White Kutch, Indian Medicinal PlantShami or White kutch is a medium-sized tree, with white-pubescent branches and whitish bark, exfoliating in papery flakes, and marked at intervals by darker horizontal patches. Leaves are bipinnate, flowers are sessile, pale yellow to nearly white in peduncled spikes, fruits are flat, with a triangular beak at the apex, tapering at the base into a stalk. In northern and central India, flowers come out during the rainy season and fruits in winter and in Karnataka, flowers come out from March to June; fruits from August to February.

Shami or White kutch is found in moist localities in West Bengal, Bihar and central India. In southern India it is more common in thorn scrub and the dry deciduous forests of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. This plant is also known as saikanta in Bengali, gonharea in Oriya, chhikur in Hindi and samee or shami in Sanskrit. The botanical name of this plant is Acacia polyacantha Willd.

Shami or White kutch is known for its immense medicinal properties. The astringent bark and heartwood are used in Ayurveda as a substitute for Acacia catechu to treat leprosy, pruritis, wounds, bronchial asthma and stomatitis. A decoction of the ground bark is used as a gargle to relieve sore throat and toothache, and the dried, powdered bark is applied externally to promote healing of ulcers. An infusion of the tender leaves is used as an astringent and remedy for diarrhoea and dysentery. The pods are used in the treatment of urino-genital diseases. The seeds are reported to have a hypoglycaemic effect.

This article is a stub. You can enrich by adding more information to it. Send your Write Up to content@indianetzone.com

(Last Updated on : 29/11/2010)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (261)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Uses of Alfalfa
Uses of alfalfa is found in history as well as in the present medicinal researches.
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary,
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary in Kerala, founded by Dr. Salim Ali, is counted amongst world famous sanctuaries. Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary was constituted in the year 1983.
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary
Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary is one of the largest bird sanctuaries, located in Gujarat.
Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary
Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary located in South Sikkim is covered by thick forest and is rich in flora and fauna. From here one get the view of the Teesta River and Kanchenjunga Peak.
Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary
Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary located in Assam provides shelter to a variety of animals and birds. The sanctuary has been named after the only ape of India, Hoolock Gibbon.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Shami, White Kutch, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Shami, White Kutch, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.