Bandicoot Rat - Informative & researched article on Bandicoot Rat
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Animals > Bandicoot Rat
Bandicoot Rat
Bandicoot Rats are large rat forms of South Asia. They are known as grain pests and belong to the mammalian class.
 Bandicoot RatThe Bandicoot Rats of Asia are true rodents and should not be confused with the rat-like marsupials of Australia which are called simply Bandicoots. Bandicoot rats are similar to Sewer Rats but can be distinguished by long guard hairs scattered over the back and by their more protruding incisors. Bandicoot rats are highly aggressive, emitting harsh grunts when disturbed.

There are two species of bandicoot rats namely the Lesser Bandicoot. This species of Bandicoot Rats weighs 250 grams and are slightly smaller in size. The second is the Indian Bandicoot, which weighs one kilogram or more and is the largest rat in Asia.

Both species are found over most of the Indo-Malayan region, but within this area the Indian Bandicoot Rat is less widespread, and is more common in rural areas than in cities.

The Lesser Bandicoot Rat is undoubtedly the most serious rodent pest in South Asia. It has become the most abundant rodent species in many of the large cities within its range while other rat species have declined proportionally. It can carry plague as well as typhus, leptospirosis, salmonellosis and rat-bite fever. Since bandicoots live in houses and contaminate food with their faeces and urine, they can easily spread these diseases to man. Infestations of this rat in grain godowns of Kolkata are so great that the number of rats feeding in a godown was estimated to exceed two rats per square meter of floor space. Lesser Bandicoots are also extremely well adapted for exploiting crops in the field.

Bandicoots can build up large fat reserves when food is abundant. They may weigh twice the normal adult weight after several weeks of good feeding. They survive months of drought by remaining underground and by feeding on stored food and tuberous roots and utilizing their fat reserves. When the rains return and the next crop is planted, bandicoots are again ready to take their share.

These rats can be controlled in several ways. For instance on the farm, removal of weeds from the crop and from field edges means less cover for rats and less food before the crop ripens. Ploughing fields immediately after harvest breaks up rat burrows. Use of rat poisons as the crop matures can kill most of the rats that remain. In the cities, it is essential to keep food in places that are rat-proof.

(Last Updated on : 29/06/2013)
More Articles in Indian Animals  (55)
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Kameng Elephant Reserve
Kameng Elephant Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh is a popular elephant reserve which was established in 2002 and is home to a large number of wild animals including over 377 Indian Elephants, Red Panda, Royal Bengal Tiger, butterflies and several other creatures.
Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve
Mayurjharna Elephant Reserve, West Bengal is the only elephant reserve in east India which was set up in the year 1987 and was proclaimed as an Elephant Reserve on 24th October, 2002.
Baramulla Eco Park
Baramulla Eco Park in Jammu and Kashmir is set on an island in the Jhelum River enveloped by scenic surroundings and blissful serenity.
Singhbhum Elephant Reserve
Singhbhum Elephant Reserve, Jharkhand was set up during 2001 for protecting the population of Asiatic Elephants under project Tiger undertaking of the Forest Advisory Committee and is connected to six forest divisions
Coimbatore Elephant Reserve
Coimbatore Elephant Reserve, Tamil Nadu boasts of innumerable elephants, wandering across vast areas occupied by elephant pathways and also contains a large quantity of other wild animals, amphibians, birds, etc.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Bandicoot Rat - Informative & researched article on Bandicoot Rat
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.