The Kanchenjunga National Park is famous for being one of the few high altitude national parks in India. Established on 26th August, 1977, the park is located within the Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve
that occupies almost 40% of the State of Sikkim in India. The park is located in the North Sikkim district. It was named after the highest mountain peak of India and also the third highest in the world, Mt. Kanchenjunga, which is about 8,585 metres tall. The Kanchenjunga National Park covers a huge area of about 850 square kilometres and remains at an elevation of 1829 m to over 8550 m.
The Kanchenjunga National Park has rich natural vegetation. The vegetation of the park includes the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests. The trees like Oaks, Fir, Birch, Maple, Willow etc. are the predominant species found in this park. Apart from these trees, the alpine grasses and shrubs, along with many medicinal plants and herbs, can also be found at higher altitudes of the park. The Kanchenjunga National Park is home to many important mammal fauna species, including the endangered, critically endangered, or threatened species. Some of the most important mammal fauna species found in the park include Musk Deer, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Tahr, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Civet, Himalayan Black Bear, Red Panda, Tibetan Wild Ass, Himalayan Blue Sheep, Serow, Goral, Takin, etc. Apart from these, some reptile species like Rat Snake and Russell`s viper are also found in the Kanchenjunga National Park.
Apart from the rich natural vegetation and mammal fauna species, the Kanchenjunga National Park also provides natural habitat to several bird species. The park is home to about 550 species of birds, out of which, several is considered as threatened or endangered. Some of the most important bird species found in the Kanchenjunga National Park include the Blood Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan, Osprey, Himalayan Griffon, Lammergeier, Tragopan Pheasant, Green Pigeon, Tibetan Snow Cock, Snow Pigeon, Impeyan Pheasant, Asian Emerald Cuckoo, Sunbird, Eagle, etc.
The Kanchenjunga National Park is recognised as a popular tourist destination among the nature lovers, for the past several years. The main reason behind this is definitely its rich bio-diversity and wonderful scenic beauty. As the park is located at a high altitude, the trekkers also like to visit the park, often. Most of the trekking routes in the area pass through the Kanchenjunga National Park. The management of the Kanchenjunga National Park has also arranged for several facilities for the tourists like trekking, lodging, boating, etc. Snowfall is heavy in this park during the winter months, and the monsoon showers during the months of May to mid October. The months of April and May are the best time to visit the Kanchenjunga National Park.