Rain Tree, Indian Tree - Informative & researched article on Rain Tree, Indian Tree
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Trees > Rain Tree
Rain Tree, Indian Tree
Rain tree is a large Indian tree and is known in various names in various parts of India. It has a wide shelter of evergreen, soft foliage.
 Rain Tree, Indian Tree Rain tree is a very large tree of India that can very easily be identified. It has a wide shelter of evergreen, soft foliage and also the drafts of pink flowers. 'Samanea Saman' is the scientific name of this tree. The rain tree belongs to the family of Leguminosae and the name of the sub family is 'Mimoseae'. In Hindi and Bengali languages this tree is called as Belaiti Siris. Tamil speaking people call it Enal-vakai; and in Malayalam language, this tree is called as Plavu.

In spite of having widespread twists, the shape of the tree is very much balanced and this is the main reason why this is being planted in groups frequently. Generally, it grows till the height of 27 metres and it has the characteristics of being very tough and having long spreading branches. The bark of the tree is dark grey in colour and bear horizontal weal. It is a suitable tree to be grown as host for ornamental epiphytes. The green cover remains dotted all over with pink and white colours during the period starting from the month of March to May and also towards the end of the year. Usually only a few flowers can be found during the rest of the year. The flowers of the tree appear like encircled and silken bunches. However, each flower stalk bears one central and a surrounding crown of florets that goes up to 20 in number. The flowers have a tube-shaped calyx and a little, yellow-lobed, cherry trumpet. The half pink and half white bunch of long stamens stick out from each flower.
Rain Tree, Indian Tree
The weighty and long leaves are feather like. Each pinna contains four to eight pairs and it bears three to seven pairs of leaflets. They are oval-shaped and do not have any stalk. They become bigger and curvier towards the end. They spread horizontally. However, in the deep darkness of night or in dry weather, or during the rainy season, the pairs of the leaflets fold together, the leaf stalks bow and each pinna spins on its thickened base in order to make sure that the leaves all lie sideways. In India people strongly believe that the name 'Rain Tree' was given because the tree posses an interesting habit of occasionally spraying the ground beneath with moisture. However, later botanists discovered that the spraying was caused because of the innumerable minute insects. The fruit of the rain tree is a fleshy pod. People use the leaves as fodder. The timber of the tree is soft and light.

(Last Updated on : 04/07/2013)
More Articles in Indian Trees  (54)
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Trikosaki, the medicinal plant of India are used for the treatment of vertigo, toothache, piles and tuberculosis.
Oak is a large tree which is found in plenty in the Himalayan regions. The primary use of its timber is as fuel and the leaves of this tree is the best fodder.
Biskandri is a small perennial herb that is found across India. It has got very good Ayurvedic medicinal properties and is a chief ingredient in the preparation of over a hundred Ayurvedic formulations.
Golden Champa
Golden Champa tree contains some highly scented yellow flowers which are popular among the women.
Wild Almond Tree in India
‘Wild Almond’ is a tall, straight tree. The scientific name of the tree is ‘Sterculia Foetida’. They have a variety in their leaf-shape.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Rain Tree, Indian Tree - Informative & researched article on Rain Tree, Indian Tree
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.