(Last Updated on : 20/07/2010)
Jacaranda tree is a popular kind of Indian trees. The tree named as `Jacaranda` is a kind of the `Wild Almond` trees. This tree is well known to the scientists as `Jacaranda Mimosaefolia`. Famous Botanist, Mr. Otto Degener described the tree as `Jacaranda Acutcefolia`. According to him, `Jacaranda has been introduced usually under the wrong scientific name`. The family of Jacaranda tree is `Bignoniaceae`. This is considered as one of the loveliest garden trees in the world with both the flowers and leaves having their respective charm and beauty.
Other Names of Jacaranda Tree
In Malay, the tree is well known as Jambul Merak. In Hindi, this also called as `Jungli Badam` or `Jacaranda` or `Palisander` while in English, it is known as `Green Ebony Tree`. However, this tree is not very widely cultivated. In the north-west of India, it has been quite reasonably planted because of being easily circulating in the sandy-soil. The tree originated from Brazil and fifty of its species have been widely scattered in the islands of the Caribbean, South Africa through the route to Florida and Mexico. It has been initiated to a large number of tropical and sub-tropical countries because of its extra-ordinary beauty.
Description of Jacaranda Tree
Jacaranda tree is a nice and striking tree that can grow up to 18 metres at the highest. The tree contains large leaves that are separated into tiny sections and as a whole, it has the shape of a nicely cut branch. The tree normally flowers for a very short period starting from the month of March to May. But some exceptional trees do flower even out of the season. From beginning to end, every tree is wrapped in blue. The season gets extended there as one tree begins flowering as soon as its neighbour has finished. The fresh green stems of the tree grow from the old wood and expire as large and loose clusters with flowers of deep blue-mauve in colour. Sometimes the number of flowers counts near about ninety in one splendid spray. The flowers are about 5 cm long and twisted and have the shape of a Foxglove flower. The flowers divide into five unequal lobes. Amongst them, two are curvy in the up and dirty white in colour and the other three are large and straight. The fruits are round and flat capsule of about 5 cm across and also bear numerous seeds.
When the `Jacaranda` blooms, the Pink Cassias also flowers to make a wonderful combination of colour by keeping its colour along with that of `Jacaranda`. However, in India, this tree doesn`t have too much of medicinal value. `J. Filicifolia` is another specie of `Jacaranda` that is also found all over India. Here, the leaflets are larger and the flowers are smaller than that of `Jacaranda`. `Filicifolia` means a tree that has leaves like a fern. The wood of this tree contains a very pleasant scent. The carpenters consider it as easy to work and for that they can give a handsome finish very easily. Interestingly, Jacaranda is often grown in pots.