Seetaphal, Custard Apple Tree, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Seetaphal, Custard Apple Tree, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Seetaphal plant
Seetaphal, Custard Apple Tree, Indian Medicinal Plant
Custard Apple tree is an important medicinal plant found to an altitude of 900 m in India.
 
 Seetaphal, Custard Apple Tree, Indian Medicinal PlantThe Custard Apple tree or Annonaceae is a medicinal plant of India which is also popular as Sweet Sop tree. It is cultivated throughout the tropics and warmer subtropics for its edible fruit, and has become naturalized throughout India to an altitude of 900 m. The botanical name of Custard Apple tree is Annona squamosa L and bears numerous common names. The major ones are Ata and Seetaphal in Bengali, and gandhagataram, gandagatra, krishnabija, seetaaphalam and sitaphala in Sanskrit.

It is a small tree with a height of 3-8 meter. The Custard Apple tree has leafy branches with thin, dark brown to grayish bark. Leaves of this tree are oblong-lanceolate or elliptic, which are 5-15 cm long and 2-5.5 cm wide. The flowers are fragrant, varies from creamy-yellow to greenish colour. The fruits of Custard Apple tree are ovoid in shape that measures 5-12 cm in diameter. On maturing, these fruits turn yellowish-green colour. The ripen fruits are marked with prominent scales and filled with an edible, juicy, pulp surrounding to the smooth, shining, brownish-black seeds.

These Custard Apple trees are used in different medicinal purposes throughout the country. The ripe fruit of this tree possesses astringent, cooling, febrifugal and pectoral properties. It works as a tonic for the blood and improve muscular strength. It is excellent for the digestive system and is prescribed for vomiting, diarrhoea, dysentery and vertigo.

The fruits of the Custard Apple tree are of great medicinal value. The dried, powdered, unripe fruits are considered effective in healing ulcers, and are used as an insecticide, particularly for lice. Both the ripe pulp and crushed leaves are mixed with salt and applied as a poultice to hasten suppuration of boils and to relieve pains and swellings.

The leaves of these Custard Apple trees are used to prevent bedbugs and maggots, and are also used to extract guinea worms. These leaves possess stimulant, anthelmintic and insecticidal properties. The tea made from these leaves is used to recover from fever. Fresh leaf-juice is applied to the nostrils in cases of hysteria and fainting. The leaves and fruits of Custard Apple trees are used for the treatment of tumours and the leaf extracts have anti-cancer properties.

Another major part of this plant is the root which has an important medicinal property. These roots are reported to be diuretic and a strong purgative which are used for the disease of acute dysentery. They are also used for the treatment of depression, spinal diseases, asthma and fever. The seeds are used as a contraceptive and as an abortifacient.

The seeds of the Custard Apple are known for their insecticidal and pesticide properties. These are strong irritants to the conjunctiva and have been reported to cause blindness.

(Last Updated on : 07/12/2013)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (262)
 
 
 
Kandla  
 
Mahul  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sarmal  
 
 
 
Chaksu  
 
Gabur  
 
 
 
 
Shami  
 
Aila  
 
 
 
Sirisa  
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Trikosaki
Trikosaki, the medicinal plant of India are used for the treatment of vertigo, toothache, piles and tuberculosis.
Oak
Oak is a large tree which is found in plenty in the Himalayan regions. The primary use of its timber is as fuel and the leaves of this tree is the best fodder.
Biskandri
Biskandri is a small perennial herb that is found across India. It has got very good Ayurvedic medicinal properties and is a chief ingredient in the preparation of over a hundred Ayurvedic formulations.
Golden Champa
Golden Champa tree contains some highly scented yellow flowers which are popular among the women.
Wild Almond Tree in India
‘Wild Almond’ is a tall, straight tree. The scientific name of the tree is ‘Sterculia Foetida’. They have a variety in their leaf-shape.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Seetaphal, Custard Apple Tree, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Seetaphal, Custard Apple Tree, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.