Kanthari, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Kanthari, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Kanthari Plant
Kanthari, Indian Medicinal Plant
Kanthari is an essential Indian medicinal plant, used for various chronic ailments amongst indigene tribesmen.
 
 Kanthari, Indian Medicinal PlantKanthari is an indigene Indian medicinal plant, bearing the scientific synonym of Capparis sepiaria. Kanthari also is known commonly by its umpteen regional names, like: kaliakara in Bengali; kantharol in Gujarati; hiun and kanthari in Hindi; basingi, kadukatri, kathari gida, voile uppi gidda in Kannada; kanthar, mastondi, waghati in Marathi; hulubhi, kontoko, solorakoli in Oriya; hingerna, hins, hiungara, hius in Punjabi; karindu, karun-jurai, kattukkattiri, kokkimullu, shenkathari, thoratti in Tamil; and, nallapuyyi, nallavuppi, nalluppi, puyyi, uppi in Telugu.

Kanthari is widely distributed in the country and is common in open scrublands throughout the dry regions of peninsular India and the Andaman Islands. The plant can also be seen to grow occasionally in northern India, that is sometimes grown as a hedge. Witnessed as a much-branched shrub or woody climber, Kanthari, the Indian medicinal plant grows up to 5 metres in height. The plant also appears curved with stipular spines that are 1 millimetre to 3 millimeters in length, with young shoots more or less pubescent. The leaves are placed at alternate intervals, which are again oblong-elliptic or obovate in shape, measuring within 2 centimetres to 6 centimetres in length and 0.5 centimetres to 3.5 centimetres in breadth. The apex of Kanthari's leaves are rounded-obtuse or retuse, which are further acute at the base, obtuse or rounded, pubescent on both surfaces, with the upper surface appearing as glossy.

Flowers of this Indian medicinal plant are white in colour, measuring within 0.9 centimeter to 1.3 centimetres in diameter, borne in short-peduncled or sessile 8 to 18 flowered umbels. The pedicels measure within 1 to 2 centimetres in length, which are filiform in bare essentiality. The fruits or berries of Kanthari are fleshy, edible, globular in shape, measuring between 0.6 centimetre to 1.3 centimetres in diameter. The fruits are borne in clusters, that turn deep purple to black when ripe and pale brown when drying out. The medicinal plant flowers between the months of February and June, while the fruits mature during the rainy season between June to August.

The specified Indian medicinal plant is credited with febrifugal, alterative, tonic and antiseptic properties, which is further considered useful for treating skin diseases. A paste of the leaves is applied to relieve facial and other swellings following sunstroke among the Bhil tribesmen. A decoction of the Kanthari plant is useful for treating skin diseases. The juice of the inner bark of the root is used in the treatment of scabies and eczema. Adding further to the list of medicinal utilities for Kanthari herb, a paste of the crushed roots along with ginger and asafoetida is applied externally as a treatment for mumps amongst the Bhil and Nayaka tribes in northern Gujarat,. The Irulars of Tamil Nadu use the crushed root pulp as an external application to promote the healing of small wounds and scratches. In Maharashtra, the Agari and Bhil tribesmen use a decoction of the bark and the powdered root to cure gout and dropsy.

(Last Updated on : 07/12/2013)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (262)
 
 
 
Kandla  
 
Mahul  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sarmal  
 
 
 
Chaksu  
 
Gabur  
 
 
 
 
Shami  
 
Aila  
 
 
 
Sirisa  
 
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
Trikosaki
Trikosaki, the medicinal plant of India are used for the treatment of vertigo, toothache, piles and tuberculosis.
Oak
Oak is a large tree which is found in plenty in the Himalayan regions. The primary use of its timber is as fuel and the leaves of this tree is the best fodder.
Biskandri
Biskandri is a small perennial herb that is found across India. It has got very good Ayurvedic medicinal properties and is a chief ingredient in the preparation of over a hundred Ayurvedic formulations.
Golden Champa
Golden Champa tree contains some highly scented yellow flowers which are popular among the women.
Wild Almond Tree in India
‘Wild Almond’ is a tall, straight tree. The scientific name of the tree is ‘Sterculia Foetida’. They have a variety in their leaf-shape.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Kanthari, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Kanthari, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.