Gabdi, Torch wood tree, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Gabdi, Torch wood tree, Indian Medicinal Plant
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesFlora & Fauna


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Flora & Fauna > Indian Medicinal Plants > Gabdi Plant
Gabdi, Torch wood tree, Indian Medicinal Plant
Gabdi or Torch wood tree is a plant of dry climate and is recognised as an Indian medicinal plant.
 
 Gabdi, Torch wood tree, Indian Medicinal PlantGabdi or Torch wood tree is recognised in the world of science by the botanical name of Cochlosperma ceae Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alson. This plant is given various names by the people of different states. The people of West Bengal know this plant by the name of 'Gabdi' , the residents of Gujarat name this plant 'Ganeri', the people of Maharashtra call this plant by the name 'Gangeri' and the people of Orissa call it 'Bendia murdoni'. This plant is recognised as 'Adaviburaga' in Kannada, 'Appakudakka' in Malayalam, 'Kumbi' in Punjabi , 'Kongillam' in Tamil, 'Kondagogu' in Telugu and 'Katira' in Urdu.

The Indian medicinal plant Gabdi or Torch wood tree, is originated from central and southern India. This tree commonly grows in profusion in dry forests, especially on rocky slopes throughout peninsular India. This plant, Gabdi is less common in western coastal districts. It is a small deciduous tree that grows up to 7.5 metre tall and has a smooth, deeply furrowed, fibrous and ash grey bark

Leaves of this medicinal plant are alternate, palmately 3 to 5 lobed, 7cm to 22cm long and 5cm to 1 cm wide, apex is acuminate with a blunt tip. The base is acute, above is glabrous and tomentose beneath. The petioles are usually 10cm to 18cm long. The stipules are linear and 5mm to 7mm long. Flowers are bright yellow in colour, 7cm to 13cm in diameter in terminal panicles with tomentose peduncles. The pedicels are stout, 5cm to 13cm long, grooved and twisted and pubescent. The sepals are unequal, oblong, concave and the outside is silky. The petals are obovate, and deeply emarginate. The flowers appear before the new leaves. Fruit is 5 cm to 7.5 cm long, obovoid, striate outside and five valved. The fruits carry 5.5 mm longseeds that are covered with white silky wool. The Gabdi tree generally bears flowers between January and April and fruits get ripen between March and July in central India.

The Gabdi or Torch wood tree is an Indian medicinal plant and is highly desired for its medicinal properties. The gum transuded from the cut bark of this tree is considered sweetish, cooling, stomachic and sedative. This gum , in Unani medicine , is used to treat gonorrhoea, syphilis, asthma, eye troubles and trachoma, and cosmetically to soften skin. This oozed gum is also used to relieve coughs. The dried leaves and flowers of Gabdi tree are used as stimulants in Punjab.

(Last Updated on : 07/12/2013)
More Articles in Indian Medicinal Plants  (261)
 
 
Muria  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chikun  
 
 
Patera  
 
 
 
Aliar  
 
Mahua  
 
 
 
Kamini  
 
Arjaka  
 
 
Haldi  
 
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Flora & Fauna
History of Indian Wildlife
History of Indian wildlife indicates a remarkable mix of the events associated with forests and species and of exploitation and protection. As per history, hunting was considered to be a part of statecraft of the country long before the British invasion.
Wildlife Sanctuaries of Telangana
Wildlife Sanctuaries of Telangana covers the eco-regions, where a large number of flora and fauna are present.
Squirrels
Squirrels are the medium sized rodents which belong to the family Sciuridae. They generally live for a period of fifteen to twenty years.
Karanjika Pant
Karanjika Pant is found in India and is reckoned for its medicinal properties.
Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary
Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary located in Orissa houses a variety of animals and is also rich in vegetation. The sanctuary is also popular for its scenic beauty.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Flora & Fauna
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Gabdi, Torch wood tree, Indian Medicinal Plant - Informative & researched article on Gabdi, Torch wood tree, Indian Medicinal Plant
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.