Qadiri Order, Sufism - Informative & researched article on Qadiri Order, Sufism
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Philosophy

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Philosophy > Schools of Indian Philosophy > Sufi Philosophy > Orders of Sufism > Qadiri Order
Qadiri Order, Sufism
Qadiri Order was founded in the twelfth century and spread in countries like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Turkey.
 The Qadiri Order is considered to be one of the most prominent and influential one among the four Orders of Sufism. The Order or the Path was organised by the followers of Abdul-Qadir of Gilan. Abdul-Qadir Gilan was born in 1077 CE at Nif, in Gilan district, to the south of the Caspian Sea and he died in 1166. The Order is considered as one of the most widespread among the Sufi Orders in the Islamic world.

The great Sufi saint, Hadrat ('the Presence') Abdul-Qadir was a specialist in the induction of spiritual states that is known as the Science of States. He extensively studied the scholarly disciplines of Islam before he dedicated himself to austerities and spiritual studies at a young age. He travelled through various places and eventually settled in Baghdad (then the capital of the Muslim world). He used to draw thousands of listeners, while giving lectures in Baghdad and the listeners also got quite influenced by his philosophy. Soon, Abdul-Qadir Gilan became a prominent public figure in Baghdad and he started to look after charitable trusts and issue judicial decisions. He also started addressing some eminent audiences including the high government officials. Gilan mainly emphasised on the themes like virtue, ethical conduct and self-discipline, while giving his lectures. The immense popularity that his teachings got remained intact even after his death and the teachings also inspired a large number of his followers. The subsequent generations of the disciples of Gilan laid the foundation to establish the Qadiri order.

The Spiritual Chain of the Qadiri Order traces back to the Prophet Muhammad and the chain is as follows: 1) Islamic Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), 2) Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib (R.A), 3) Imam Husayn (R.A), 4) Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin, 5) Imam Muhammad Baqir, 6) Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq, 7) Imam Musa al-Kazim, 8) Imam Ali Musa Rida, 9) Ma'ruf Karkhi, 10) Sari Saqati, 11) Junayd al-Baghdadi, 12) Shaikh Abu Bakr Shibli, 13) Shaikh Abdul Aziz al-Tamimi, 14) Abu al-Fadl Abu al-Wahid al-Tamimi, 15) Abu al-Farah Tartusi, 16) Abu al-Hasan Farshi, 17) Abu Sa'id al-Mubarak Mukharrami and 18) Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. The chain of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Gilan's Path also traces back to the Muhammad through the following chain: 1) Islamic Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), 2) Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib (R.A), 3) Shaikh Hasan Basri, 4) Shaikh Habib Ajami, 5) Shaikh Dawood Taiee, 6) Shaikh Ma'ruf Karkhi, 7) Shaikh Sari Saqati, 8) Shaikh Junayd al-Baghdadi, 9) Shaikh Sheikh Abu Bakr Shibli, 10) Shaikh Sheikh Abdul Aziz al-Tamimi, 11) Shaikh Abu al-Fadl Abu al-Wahid al-Tamimi, 12) Shaikh Abu al-Farah Tartusi, 13) Shaikh Abu al-Hasan Farshi, 14) Shaikh Abu Sa'id al-Mubarak Mukharrami, 15) Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, 16) Shaikh Nouri Bin Mohamed Ali Al Beyrouti and 16) Caliph: Nourhan Bin Nouri Al Beyrouti.

(Last Updated on : 09/01/2009)
More Articles in Orders of Sufism  (4)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Philosophy
Visistadvaita Theory of Material Causality
Visistadvaita Theory of Material Causality is the belief that Brahman as organically related to the cit and acit is the material cause of the universe. Both cause and effect are said to be different states of the same thing, and it is on the basis of this explanation that Brahman as the adhara of the universe is not affected by the evolution of the entire universe which constitutes the body of the Brahman.
Eleven Principal Upanishads
There are eleven principal Upanishads each of which ascribes the basic Hindu Philosophy related to Brahman and Atman.
Shankaracharya, the title derives from Sankara of Kaladi, is a stream of non other than Hindu thought.
Buddhist Philosophy
Buddhist Philosophy is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha. According to some scholars early Buddhist Philosophy was not connected with metaphysical or ontological speculation rather it was based on experimental evidences gained by sensory organs
Teachings of Kapila Muni
Teachings of Kapila Muni are based on the philosophies known as Samkhya which he had devised and they gradually become widespread with the efforts of his disciples.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Philosophy
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Qadiri Order, Sufism - Informative & researched article on Qadiri Order, Sufism
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.