(Last Updated on : 21/06/2013)
Female Diseases are the diseases concerning the reproductive organs and the related parts of a woman. Women of any age can be affected with these diseases but the general trend predicts that it is the middle aged women who suffer the most. Hormonal imbalance is one of the major causes of most of the Female Diseases. Several hormones are produced by the ovary including estrogens, progesterone and testosterones. These help in coordinating the menstrual cycle
during the reproductive years of a female. Apart from this, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH), produced by the brain also play vital roles in controlling the reproductive cycle of females. Imbalances in these hormones can give rise to many disorders. Although, hormone imbalance can affect at any age, they are likely to affect the most during puberty and menopause
. Besides this, various microbial infections can also lead to various disorders, varying in severity.
Amenorrhea or the absence of menstrual periods is among the type of female diseases that taints the females frequently. Changes in hormones, glands or organs are the prime causes of this disorder.
Breast cancer is one of the most found diseases in all over the world. Originating from breast tissue, this type of cancer can vary from being curable to fatal, depending on the condition. Worldwide, breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer after lung cancer (10.4% of all cancer incidence, both sexes counted) and the fifth most common cause of cancer
Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue lining the uterus
grows outside on other organs of the body. It occurs mostly in fallopian tubes, ovaries, lining of pelvic cavity, cervix, bladder, rectum etc. Symptoms of endometriosis include painful menstrual cramps, fatigue, bloating, diarrhoea
and intestinal pain.
seems to prey most often on women over the age of 60 in all over the world. This is caused by low amounts of phosphate and calcium in bones, causing them to be porous, brittle and more apt to break. Although the disease is not completely understood, it has been inferred that inadequate calcium supplement in childhood, inactivity and decreased levels of estrogens act as risk factors linked to the disease.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Abnormal ovarian functions and excessive production and/or sensitivity to male hormones characterises Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). The symptoms of PCOS include irregular or absence of menstrual periods, sometimes, also accompanied by abnormal growth of facial or body hair (hirsutism), scalp hair loss (alopecia) and acne
. PCOS also elevates the risk of endometrial (uterine) cancer, high blood pressure
, insulin resistance, diabetes
, cholesterol abnormalities
. PCOS is also one of the major causes of infertility in females.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
(PMS) is the term used to describe the physical or behavioural changes that most of the women undergo 7 to 10 days before their monthly periods begin. The principal physical and emotional symptoms of PMS include water retention, weight gain, abdominal bloating, breast tenderness, headaches, swollen hands and feet, constipation, feelings of depression
, irritability, tension and anxiety, mood swings, a change in sex drive and inability to concentrate. The symptoms, which recur at about the same time each month, usually come to ebb once the menstrual period begins.
Endocrinal problems like thyroid are also common in women though the population of men is also not absolutely safe from it. Thyroid
disorders include hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism which affect the female reproductive cycle of females. Women suffering from these diseases have symptoms such as irregular menstrual periods, absence of menstrual cycle or accompanied with pain, increased or decreased quantity of blood, backache during the days of menstrual period, pain and heaviness in head, gloomy nature, and loss of appetite.
Various conditions which lead to inflammation or infection in vagina are termed as vaginitis
. Infections caused by micro organisms like bacteria, yeast or viruses are the major causes of vaginitis. These disorders are characterised by a change in amount, colour, smell and consistency of discharge. Such diseases are generally characterized by painful intercourse, painful urination and itching, frequent, moist vaginal discharges, vaginal odour, vulval or vaginal itching, burning or irritation. Several factors increase a woman's susceptibility to vaginitis. These include ample use of antibiotics, oral contraceptives, diabetes, pregnancy, obesity, excessive or improper douching, vitamin B deficiency, menopausal thinning of the vaginal wall, and cuts or abrasions in the genital area. Viganitis can be further categorised as endogenous infections, iatrogenic infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) on the basis of their exact cause. Endogenous infections are the outcome of overgrowth of normal micro organisms in vagina causing candidiasis or bacterial vaginosis. Iatrogenic infections includes introduction of infectious agents into the reproductive tract through faulty medical procedures. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are caused by transmission of infectious micro organisms through sexual intercourse with infected partner.
Apart from all these, there are many other ailments too that not only hamper the health and fitness of females but sometimes also prove to be fatal to them. Some of the most well observed diseases that affects the women at a rate of 80% of the population include Cystitis
, Menopause, Miscarriage, Fat around the Middle, Fibroids, Prolapse
, Thrush, Hysterectomy, Ovarian Cysts
, Infertility and painful periods.
Many of the female diseases have similar symptoms, so it is important to have a proper diagnosis before opting for a treatment. Female Diseases can be treated in the alternative medicines also to get long term effects. The ancient Ayurveda
, Homeopathic Therapies
, Nutritional Therapies and in some cases Progesterone Therapy proves effective in dealing with these diseases. Diet, vitamin and mineral supplementation, exercise, and stress management are holistic approaches intended to help women regain their health and maintain overall wellbeing. Even Yoga can be helpful in reducing the acuity of the diseases. There are some effective medicines offered in Herbal Therapy also to get relief from the severity of the diseases, though a proper diet should be included with the natural therapy.