Education in Later Vedic Period - Informative & researched article on Education in Later Vedic Period
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesEducation


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Education > Education in India > History of Indian Education > Education in Later Vedic Period
Education in Later Vedic Period
Education in Later Vedic period was given prime importance and was at its peak. The guru shishya relationship was highly emphasized.
 
 There was a well-planned system of education in later Vedic period. The student was initiated by the ceremony of Upanayana. Student enters a new life which is described as a second birth. In the life of a Brahmachari the student leads a life of simple living and high thinking. Life is regulated. The aims of learning are faith, retention of knowledge, progeny, wealth, longevity and immortality.

The essence of the Education system was that the student had to take up residence in the home of his teacher. The student wore the skin of antelope, the girdle of Kusa grass and collected fuel for worshipping Lord Agni. His main duties were to beg for his teacher, to look after the sacrificial fires and tend the house and his cattle. Day time sleeping was forbidden. The teacher then initiates him into the various aspects of knowledge. The student as a rule studied with his preceptor for twelve years.

There were also associations for advanced study and research. One such association was Panchala-parisad. Kings also organized conferences where philosophers participated in discussions. King Janaka of Videha organized one such Conference that was presided over by sage Yajnavalkya. The ultimate aim of education in later Vedic period was the attainment of highest knowledge, the knowledge of Brahman or Atman as the supreme reality. Other than the domestic schools, there were specialized agencies to impart fruitful education. There were the wandering scholars, charakas who spread education in the country. Women participated in these conferences. Women even addressed a congress of philosophers. In the Rig Veda women have also composed hymns. The Kshatriya caste had encouraged learning.

Education in the later Vedic period was strategically limited to the main three upper castes. The guru shishya tradition as one of the most sacred traditions of India was accepted in the sphere of education in later Vedic period. The subjects of study during that time included the four Vedas, Grammar, Mathematics, Mineralogy, Logic, Ethics, Brahma-Vidya, Biology, Military Science, Astronomy, and Medicine. Dhanur Vidya or war tactics was also a part of education in later Vedic period. Education was aimed at the knowledge of the Atman (soul) or the absolute or self-realization. The story of Nachiketas in the Katha Upanishad can be sited as an example.

(Last Updated on : 01/11/2010)
More Articles in History of Indian Education  (13)
Recently Updated Articles in Education
National Geophysical Research Institute
National Geophysical Research Institute is India`s largest Research and Development organization which carries out research in multidisciplinary areas of Earth Sciences.
Medical Colleges in Telangana
Medical Colleges of Telangana are playing a significant role in providing the treatment at the very base level and fostering the students by giving training to become doctors and physicians.
National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology (NCHMCT) - Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)
National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology (NCHMCT) - Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is conducted in different sectors across the country. This test is conducted for admissions to the professional hotel administration and hospitality courses at different affiliated hotel management institutes of the country.
Symbiosis National Aptitude (SNAP) Test
Symbiosis National Aptitude (SNAP) Test is a common entrance test required for getting admissions into the management programmes offered by Symbiosis postgraduate institutes. SIEC Deemed University conducts the SNAP test.
Karnataka Management Aptitude Test (K-MAT)
Karnataka Management Aptitude Test (K-MAT) is a management entrance test that is conducted annually for admitting the students under the management quota for the MBA seats of the self financing private institutes. This test is conducted by the Karnataka Private Postgraduate Colleges` Association (KPPGCA).
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Education
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
 
 
Education in Later Vedic Period - Informative & researched article on Education in Later Vedic Period
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.