Bahmani Architecture - Informative & researched article on Bahmani Architecture
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Sculpture


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Crafts|Indian Monuments|Indian Dances|Indian Festivals|Indian Paintings|Indian Photography|Indian Sculpture
Home > Art & Culture > Indian Sculpture > Indian Temple Sculptures > South Indian Temple Sculpture > Bahmani Architecture
Bahmani Architecture
Bahmani architecture has been influenced by Persian style of architecture. The Bahamani kingdom flourished in architectural monuments.
 
 Charminar - Bahmani ArchitectureBahmani Kingdom continued to follow the tradition of the Imperial capital for another fifty years. The relief from the Imperial authority could not affect the architecture of the handful of Muslims. The change of the Imperial authority could not make them adopt the indigenous Indian art-Hemadpanti, Chalukyan and Dravidian-which dominated throughout the region.

As Muhammad bin Tughlaq transferred his capital to Daulatabad and then back to Delhi, the artisans migrated to Bijapur and their two styles of architecture, the Persian and that of Delhi got a new fusion style. The Persian style of architecture affected them. The Persian architects as well as their artisans planned all the architectur of various structures. However, the military architecture i, e, forts etc were modelled on medieval European style. The Turkish military experts who took service under the Bhamani ruler built those forts. Under the Bahmanis, the Deccan style of architecture with its unique style developed. Persian influence is apparently visible in the Jama Masjid at Gulbarga, Chand Minar at Daulatabad and Gawan`s Madrasa at Bidar. The Bahamanis paved way for the distinct style by inviting architects from Persia, Turkey and Arabia. These imported styles were blended with local styles

A large number of buildings were built by Ala-ud-din Bahman in his capital Gulbarga. These include the Jama masjid and the Bala Hisar. To protect the devotees from the rain and sun, the whole area is roofed. The high dome was constructed on a high square clerestory over the niche of the sanctuary. The monuments of Gulbarga were also built during this age. In 1425 AD, when and Shah Wali changed his capital to Bidar, he constructed a large number of buildings like forts, palaces, mosques and tombs in his new capital. These include the Rangin Mahal, Gagan Mahal, Chini Mahal and Nagin Mahal are now broken. The well-known Madrasa built in 1472 AD by the Persian scholar Mahmud Gawan, minister of Muhammad Shah III is a specimen of Bahmani architecture. This building has three stories consists of lecture halls, a library, a mosque and residential houses.

During the Bahmani rule, most of the forts were rebuilt and modified to make them suitable for military requirements. Many covered passages and bastions were provided in these forts. Few forts like the Gulbarga, Daulatabad, Gawilgarh, Narnala, Parenda, Raichur, etc were built at strategic places keeping this in mind.

The architectural works of the Bahmani rule also include some idgahs which were built at Daulatabad, Gulbarga, Bidar and Kovilkonda. A parapet cresting and a dome in the middle above the central prayer-niche were provided. The prayer niches were provided in the walls.

Jama Masjid Gulbarga and Gol Gumbaz - Bahmani ArchitectureFew of the exquisite tombs were built under the rule of the Bahmanis. These tombs built in that period looked like the Tughluqs. They had a square structure on a platform with sloping or battered walls which gives an impression of solidity and mass, low flat domes, tall and narrow arched doorways. The use of enamelled tile work can also be seen. Few of the significant tombs include those of Ala-ud-din Hasan, Muhammad I and Muhammad II at Gulbarga and the tomb of Hazrat Zain-ud-din at Khuldabad.

One of the most important architectural works of the Bahmani period is the monument of South India, the Gol gumbaz in Bijapur in Karnataka. The Gol Gumbaz is the tomb of Muhammad Adil Shah II (1627-57), a ruler of Bijapur. This tomb is a huge square structure. The real tombs can be seen in the basement below. The second largest dome in the world is also situated on the top of this famous Gol Gumbaj.

Another well-known architecture of Bahmani period is the Nagar Khana, which has become a museum. It consists of some of the most beautiful Chinese porcelain, armoury, parchments, carpets, and paintings.

The Ibrahim Rouza is another great contribution of the Bahmani rulers as far as architecture is concerned. Term `Rauza` means garden. Ibrahim Rouza was built by the ruler Ibrahim. It is believed that his wife, Taj sultana was buried in a dark chamber. The square shaped area of it contains the tombs of Ibrahim Adil Shah and his family. The tomb is known for its proportion, minarets, stonework, calligraphic inscriptions, parapets, etc. The gardens of the Ibrahim Rauza are cool and green and are enclosed within walls, which have been interspersed with gateway.

Charminar of Hyderabad is also a remarkable structure that is an example of Bahmani architecture.

(Last Updated on : 11/04/2012)
More Articles in South Indian Temple Sculpture  (53)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Sculpture
Sculpture of Sarnath
Sculptural works of the said places were primarily concentrated in Buddhism, with intricate masonry.
Sculpture in Mathura
Mathura sculpture was an epitome in ancient Indian history, with priceless craftsmanship, surpassed by none.
Buddhist Sculpture at Sarnath
Sarnath is one of the most beautiful sites in the world where delivered his first sermon.
Sculptures in Bhaja & Karle Caves
The caves at Karle and Bhaja illustrate the Buddhist art located in Maharashtra.
Hairstyles and Headgear in South India Sculptures
Hairstyles and Headgear in South Indian sculptures generally reveal the styles portrayed by the men and the motifs emphasise on the trends which were predominant at that time.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Sculpture
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Art & Culture
 
 
Bahmani Architecture - Informative & researched article on Bahmani Architecture
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.