Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire - Informative & researched article on Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Sculpture


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Crafts|Indian Monuments|Indian Dances|Indian Festivals|Indian Paintings|Indian Photography|Indian Sculpture
Home > Art & Culture > Indian Sculpture > History of Indian Sculpture > Ancient Indian Sculpture > Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire
Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire
Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire involve Ashoka`s edicts carved on pillars and rocks made out of shafts of sandstone which represent earliest stone sculpture of India.
 
 Sculptures of the Mauryan EmpireSculptures of the Mauryan Empire include those forms of art which were crafted during this period and are renowned specimens of Mauryan Art. The Mauryan Empire is marked for its great achievements in art, culture, architecture and literature, since the period of King Ashoka led to the base of sculpturing art of India in later period. Some of Ashoka`s edicts carved on pillars and rocks made out of shafts of sandstone, represent the earliest known stone sculptures in our country. The rule of the Mauryan Empire is regarded for the period of promotion in the field of art and architecture.

Stupa Sculpture of Mauryan Empire
The `stupas` are solid dome like structures built with bricks and stones and they were initially created as symbols of artistic tradition in Mauryan Dynasty. The greatest instances of the architecture of the Mauryan period is the great Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh, measuring about 54 feet in height, surrounded by exquisitely carved stone railings around it. It is perhaps the finest surviving relic of the Mauryan Empire. It is also famous and notable due to the four gateways, since before this there was no such tradition of carving gateways. These gateways are elaborately carved and depict the various scenes from the life of Buddha and also about the lifestyle of people in that era. So, construction of gateways can be said as the unique architectural technique used by Mauryans. It is believed that Ashoka in total had erected almost 85,000 stupas and pillars. All these monuments are carved in stone and teachings of Buddhism engraved on them. Sarnath in Bihar also boasts of interesting stupas.

Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire Pillar Sculpture of Mauryan Empire
The Pillars were one of the major works accomplished by Ashoka of Mauryan dynasty. The monument at Sarnath having four lions on it is also a kind of a pillared structure. The pillars of monolithic and smooth columns having more than 50 ft (15 m) height and are carved with lotus capitals and animal figures on it denotes the artistic features of the period. But among these, the most famous Lion Capital (pillar of showing four-lions) erected by Ashoka at Sarnath in Madhya Pradesh in sandstone realistically represents the artistic achievements of Indian artists and patronage of their masters. Two kinds of stone had been employed in the creation of the pillars which consisted of fine grained hard sandstone of Chunar region close to Varanasi as well as spotted white and red sandstone belonging to Mathura. They were erected mainly in the area of the Gangetic Plains. Inscriptions containing principles of `Dhamma` or righteousness were embedded on all these pillars. The Lion Capital at Lauria Nandangarh and Bull Capital of Rampurva are impressive sculptural art which evolved during the Mauryan Dynasty.

Figurine Sculptures of Mauryan Empire
Besides the different forms of stupas and pillars, Mauryan rulers also patronised the sculpting of beautiful figures. The whisk-bearer of Didarganj, female `Yakshi` figurine of Besnagar and the male statue at Parkham deserves a special mention. Numerous terracotta idols were also sculpted by the artisans and clay idols of Mother Goddesses have been revealed by some excavations conducted at Ahicchatra. Certain figures of folk deities carved by the sculptors during the Mauryan Era, exude a beautiful earthy grace.

Besides these works of art, rock-cut caves, palaces and buildings constructed in Mauryan dynasty are also noted for the creative artwork. At some of the places, Mauryan art reflected an influence of the sprit of the Persian and Hellenistic art, but while executing the sprit a perfect craftsmanship was acquired by the artist to being solely a Mauryan art. After two thousand years from the period of its construction, today one can see ruins of them in most states of India including Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Another noteworthy element of sculpture belonging to this era is the stone elephant at Dhauli. The concept of an elephant emerging out of a rock-face is quite unique.

(Last Updated on : 09/12/2013)
More Articles in Ancient Indian Sculpture  (40)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Sculpture
Ancient Indian Sculpture
Ancient Indian sculptures date back to the days of the Indus Valley Civilization. It was relatively simple.
Pala School of Sculptural Art
Pala School of sculptural art has its origin in Gupta style of sculpture. Pala sculpture has witnessed several changes due to change in rulers.
Indian Rock Cut Sculpture
Indian rock cut sculpture is another unique specimen of Indian art. Basically these rock-cut structures were related to various religious communities.
Badami Chalukya Sculptures
Badami Chalukya sculptures developed during the 5th and 8th centuries and include the various forms of sculptured existent in the Badami Cave Temples, rock-cut temples and numerous other forms of ancient temples.
Western Chalukya Sculptures
Western Chalukya sculptures are exquisite representations of Dravidian architecture which developed during 11th and 12th centuries and include sculpture of miniature towers, figure sculpture and deity sculpture existent in the numerous Western Chalukya temples of Tungabhadra.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Sculpture
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Art & Culture
 
 
Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire - Informative & researched article on Sculptures of the Mauryan Empire
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.