(Last Updated on : 26-10-2013)
Flora and Fauna of Chandel District
include numerous vegetation and plants and animals that are abundant in the hilly areas of Manipur. The hilly districts of Manipur and unarguably Chandel also have varieties of flora and fauna. Numerous types of orchids, ornamental plants and medicinal plants are abundantly grown. An assortment of medicinal plants is found in Chandel as for example Anisomeles, Anotis, Areca, Brucea, etc.
Anisomeles indica (Thoiding Amuba: Manipuri) is a strongly scented shrubby plant found in Pallel area has its vast use as an appetizer. Anotis foetida (Khut-chappi: Manipuri) is a magical small herb found in the dense areas of Sugnu and Pallel whose smashed roots are applied to fractured bone that almost acts as a miracle and is a substitute of poultice of plaster of Paris for setting and healing. It may even be applied to boils. Areca catechu (Supari: Manipuri) is a lender tall palm, cultivated in Moreh
area. Paste of the nut after rubbing on the stone with water is applied to leucodermal patches. Brucea javanica (Heining: Manipuri): A small deciduous tree found in Pallel, its fruits are used for diarrhoea, dysentery and malignant malaria. Poultice of leaves is applied in skin troubles. Roots are used in bowel complaints. Crasscephalum crepidiodes that is known as Terapaibi in Manipuri is an herb found in Moreh area, whose lotion of leaves is used as a mild stomachic.
Chandeli district even boasts of a number of almost extinct animals like the only ape found in India, the Hoolok Gibbon locally known as Yongmu, is also found in Chandel district. Moreover, the Slow Loris, the Stumped Tailed Macaque, the Pig Tailed Macaque are the other rare primates that is found in this forests. At times the rare nocturnal carnivores, the Clouded leopard and the Golden Cat are also sighted. Often the elephant makes timely migration into the Indo-Myanmar border areas. The Himalayan Black Bear is also found in Chandel. The rare and elusive Malayan Sun Bear is restricted to the unique forests in the Indo-Myanmar border areas. Herds of Bison, as well as of Sambhar, can be very well seen during night in New Samtal area. Thai Pangolins can also be sighted in the Indo-Myanmar border areas which fall under Chandel. Birds like Pheasant, Burmese peafowl and jungle fowls may even be sighted in Chandel. The Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, a protected area network in Manipur, is situated on the Indo-Myanmar border of Chandel. The sanctuary is the home of about 86 species of fishes, 6 species of amphibians, 29 species of mammalians.