(Last Updated on : 23/05/2013)
Ayurveda is a traditional health care system being practiced in India for more than 5000 years. It is as sub section of the Atharva Veda
. According to history several Indian saints propagated this form of medication. Ayurveda
focuses on the use of natural herbs, yoga
therapy and massages. For the development and progress of ayurveda two schools were established. One was meant for the physicians and another one was for the surgeons. Ayurveda also progressed significantly under the rule of influential rulers at different periods of time.
The advent of Muslim rule in India in the 10th and 12th centuries A.D. significantly influenced Ayurveda. The Islamic medicine or the Unani system of medicine was introduced during that period. It was a combination of Islamic medicine and Greek medicine. It enjoyed the royal patronage of the Muslim rulers. During the period of Khiliji Dynasty
and Tughluq Dynasty
the Unani system of medicine got its official recognition. The Mughal rulers also invited several Muslim physicians and surgeons from Persia. As per historical report there were almost twenty-nine eminent physicians in the court of Emperor Akbar
. They came from Arab countries to pay homage to the king. Akbar also had few ayurvedic scholars in his court.
The development of Unani medicine in India
significantly hampered the growth of traditional ayurvedic medicine. However, it still maintained its popularity being practised by few eminent people. Unani medicine and ayurveda mutually influenced each other and are still practiced in India.
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