Hair Disorders are common and can range from conditions including hair loss and baldness, excessive hair growth and disorders involving the hair shaft. Loss of hair at a very tender age has become a common disorder these days. There are many medical conditions that can affect the hair and scalp, most of them resulting in hair loss or some type of skin rash. Hair disorders can be hereditary in nature or can be caused by an infection or lack of proper nutrition.
Common Hair Disorders
Excluding common hair problems such as dry, chemically treated or damaged, oily hair and split ends, here are some common hair disorders:
Dermatitis: This is a common inflammatory condition of the scalp. It is characterized by flaky, dry and scaly skin patches; and when these flakes fall off, they are called ‘Dandruff’.
Psoriasis: This is an inflammatory skin condition involving the auto-immune system that is characterized by red, scaly and dry patches.
Hair Loss: It is also known as ‘Alopecia’, a common concern for both men and women. Baldness, receding hairlines, bald spots and thinning hair are things commonly heard when it comes to hair problems.
Alopecia Areata: This is a common autoimmune disorder that often results in unpredictable hair loss due to stress. Hair usually grows back.
Female Pattern Baldness: Women experience baldness by way of uniform thinning across the scalp with a preserved hairline.
Male Pattern Baldness: This is the most common type of hair loss in men, characterized by a receding hairline, hair loss at the crown, or both.
Telogen Effluvium: Hair fall that abruptly falls out in large patches, typically after a month or two after a surgery, childbirth, severe stress, etc.
Head Lice: A common, highly contagious infection that often occurs in children.
Folliculitis: Folliculitis is a common skin condition in which hair follicles become inflamed. It is usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection.
Hair Breakage: Hair breakage is a problem many women, especially those with long hair have to deal with. When hair becomes dry and brittle, the shaft breaks, leading to frayed and split ends.
While symptoms for these scalp conditions vary, they almost always include rashes, hair thinning or hair loss, hair breakage, itchiness and at time pain. Treatments also vary but correct diagnosis is important.
(Last Updated on : 28-02-2017)