sattva intelligence, one of the three gunas, certain, real, true
Purusayoh of the soul
otyanta absolute, extreme
asamkirnayoh distinct from each other, unmingled
avisesah not distinct
Pararthatvat apart from another
svartha one's own, self-interest
samyamat by constraint, control
purusa jnanam knowledge of the soul
By samyama, the yogi easily differentiates between the intelligence and the soul, which is real and true.
Since it serves the purposes of the Self and nature, pure intelligence and the seer appear to be one, but they are quite dissimilar from each other. By samyama on that which exists for itself, comes knowledge of the soul.
The refined, illuminative intelligence (sattva buddhi) is free from egoism. It is quite dissimilar from the light of the soul. Samyama on one's own self brings to light the difference between intelligence and self and coronates the yogi with the knowledge of the soul. This sutra, by the use of the word svartha for the seer and parartha for the intelligence, clearly illustrates the difference between the two. Failure to differentiate between them leads to entanglement in worldly pleasures. Knowing the distinction enables one to enter the gates of the soul.
Though the refined illuminative intelligence is the summit of nature, it is subject to diverse experiences. The soul being immutable, its light is constant, steady and unalterable. To the sadhaka, the intellect appears to be purusa. By samyama, the yogi has to disentangle the knot that binds the intellect and the self, and isolate the refined intelligence. From this follows isolation of the senses, mind and ego, and ultimately the release of the light of the soul.
People rightly admire such men as Albert Einstein, Ramanuja, Arnold Toynbee, Sakuntala Devi and C. G. Jung. Their looming intellects, directed to the service of humanity, inspire one and all. Nonetheless, their spirituality was that of the refined illuminative intelligence belonging to human nature, and not that of the luminescent immutable purusa. (1.3; 11.18, 20; in.35 and iv.34.)
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