Golconda Diamond Mines - Informative & researched article on Golconda Diamond Mines
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Jewellery

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Jewellery > Indian Diamonds > Golconda Diamond Mines
Golconda Diamond Mines
The lustrous gleam of the Golconda mines still stands as an emblem of India`s wealth.
 Golconda FortAmong the earliest Western travellers, Marco Polo was the one to relate stories about the extraordinary wealth of India. He wrote mesmerizing accounts of how large diamonds were revealed in riverbeds and on mountainsides that were watered by copious rains while journeyed through the country in 1292. His stories were rampant with myths of sinister snakes and vicious eagles, as he had not actually seen the diamond mines, which were supposed to be the guardians of these gems.

Myths to one side, at that time India was beginning to be known as the treasury of diamonds. Over a vast area on the eastern side of the Deccan Plateau, gems of great size and value had been found. This province set in the territory of Golconda, which today covers the area that forms the state of Andhra Pradesh. In the mines of Golconda India's most legendary and largest diamonds were unearthed. In contrary to popular conviction, the Golconda mines were not restrained to a small area around Golconda Fort. In fact, as the entire region was rich with diamonds, a bazaar trading in them boomed in the lanes around the fort. This ancient fort town between the Godavari and Krishna rivers lay five miles east of Hyderabad. The large-diamonds were found predominantly in the alluvial deposits of the river Krishna.

A Portuguese physician, Garcia da Horta, who visited this region in 1565, left one of the records about diamond mining in Golconda. According to his accounts it is supposed to be revealed that diamonds were extracted from rocks that were then allowed to 'rest' so as to smooth the progress of new diamonds to form within them. This was observably before people discovered that diamonds exist deep within the earth and that there are no diamond-producing rocks.

(Last Updated on : 02/12/2010)
More Articles in Indian Diamonds  (24)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Jewellery
Rice Jewellery
Rice jewellery provides a unique and personalised jewellery gift of writing a message or name on a grain of rice.
Bronze Jewellery
Bronze is an alloy of copper, tin, zinc, phosphorus and sometimes small amounts of other elements which are moulded to make fashionable jewelleries.
Designer Jewellery
Designer jewelleries are the reflections of contemporary and traditional thoughts that anyone can pick for self adornment.
Brass Jewellery
Brass fashion jewellery made in a medley of designs and finishes is exported the world over.
Quill Jewellery
Quills are dyed in colour using natural or commercial dyes.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum on Indian Jewellery
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
Golconda Diamond Mines - Informative & researched article on Golconda Diamond Mines
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.