(Last Updated on : 24/05/2013)
There are a significant number of painters in India who have made adequate contribution to the world of art and are known through out the globe. Painting has a diverse history in the art and culture of India. Beginning from the ancient times through the medieval times and the present modern days, painting has evolved from murals and miniatures to contemporary style with tinges of modern art, which is abstract as well as real. The most popular Painters of India have been mentioned below-
Abanindranath Tagore (1871-1951) is regarded as the founder of the neo-Indian school of painting, known as the Bengal School and is one of the important painters of India. He was a major proponent of Swadeshi values in the tradition of art. That is the reason why he advocated for the Mughal and Rajput styles, which could stop the influx of western ideas of art. He was also regarded as a renowned writer.
Amrita Shergil (1913-1941) can be regarded as one of India's first modernist painters and is therefore one of the prominent painters of India. She was educated in Florence and Paris and developed a style that was exhibited in her works. She was an avid traveller, which resulted in the production of trilogy of 1938, The Bride's Toilet, Brahmacharis and Villagers Going to the Market. Special traits in her work were a definite facial type and Physiogamy, which shows her women taking a narcissistic turn. Her artistic venture was more of a hybrid nature incorporating oriental and western backgrounds.
Nandala Bose (1883-1966) is considered as one of the best modern painters of India. He was influenced by the Tagore family and the mural paintings of Ajanta which can be seen in his works. His subjects were basically themes from Indian mythology, villages and the women. He was the principal of the Kala Bhavan at Shantiniketan
in the year 1922.
Dhiraj was born in 1936, in Bengal, and is known for his excellent artwork all over the world. Not only he has created wonderful pieces of art and been the ex professor in the College of art New Delhi University, he had also directed many projects on societal values and human race.
Jahar Dasgupta is a contemporary painter born in 1942 in Jamshedpur
. His paintings convey a message and are straight and firm in their execution. By using soft yet bright transparent colour, he is successful in sending the messages right across. He was trained initially in Shantiniketan under legendary artists like Ramkinkar Baiz and Benode Behari Mukherjee
Raja Ravi Verma
Raja Ravi Verma (1848-1906) was born in Kilimanoor Palace, and is considered as combining traditionalist's traits and rationalist tendencies among the moderns. Raja Ravi Verma is recognised by the depiction of scenes from the epics of Ramayana and the Mahabharata. He won the first prize in the Vienna Art Exhibition in 1873, and this brought him into the limelight.
Jatin Das, was born in Mayurbhanj
, and has some great artistic achievements into his account. His focus basically lies on man-woman relationships, in different phases of emotional turmoil, crisis, revelation and other moments. Human forms, mostly painted in nudes, sometimes birds and animals constitute his subject of study. Jatin Das with his artistry and creativity is therefore indeed one of the eminent painters of India.
Jamini Roy (1887-1972) was a very renowned Indian painter, whose works portray the prevalence of the Kalighat paintings
and the village Patuas. His works displayed post-impressionist style of landscapes and portraits. Despite of a poverty stricken life, Roy experimented with his style, and continued with it. He subtly denied the modern traces yet brought a new era in modern art.
M.F Hussain, born in 1915, is considered one of the most important and criticised artist. Beginning with painting huge cinema posters, he was among the group of artists who wanted to break away from the nationalist traditions of the Bengal school of art, starting an Indian avant-garde in a more widespread manner, international manner. His works have often been disputed by religious organisations. M F Hussain died on June 9th, 2011, at the age of 95, due to a heart attack at the Royal Brompton Hospital in London.
He was born in Jhelum in 1925, and recognised as one of the renowned contemporary artists, as well as sculptor, architect and writer and one of the great painters of India. He has experimented with plastic art, sculpture murals and also graphics. He has won the National Award for three times, and exhibited his works in India and abroad. He was also awarded Padma Vibhushan
There are other prominent painters of India like Francis Newton Souza
, Syed Haider Raza
, Nandalal Bose, Tyeb Mehta