Kurukh Language, Indian Tribal Language - Informative & researched article on Kurukh Language, Indian Tribal Language
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Languages

 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
History of India|Indian Temples|Indian Museums|Indian Literature|Geography of India|Flora & Fauna|Indian Purans|Indian Philosophy|Indian Administration|Indian Languages|Education
Home > Reference > Indian Languages > Indian Tribal Languages > Dravidian Tribal Languages > Kurukh Language
Kurukh Language, Indian Tribal Language
Kurukh Language is an Indian tribal language that is spoken in several states of the country. This tribal language is also popularly known as Kurux or Oraon. It belongs to the Dravidian family of tribal languages.
 Kurukh Language, Indian Tribal LanguageKurukh language is a popular tribal language of eastern and central region of the country. This Indian tribal language is also known as Kurux. This language belongs to the Dravidian language group. Kurukh is mainly spoken by the Oraon 'Kurukh' tribe, which is a tribal (Adivasi) group of Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Chhattisgarh. This tribal group is also found in the northern region of neighbouring country of Bangladesh. Kurukh tribal language is very closely associated with Brahui language and Malto or Paharia language. Moreover, this tribal language also has some connection with Sauria Paharia and Kumarbhag Paharia languages. These two languages are sometimes collectively referred to as Malto language. Further, it is also called as Oraon. Kurukh language that belongs to the Dravidian group of languages is further divided into northern Dravidian family of languages. However, this language should not be confused with the Nepali Kurukh language.

Kurukh language is basically written in Devanagari script. This script is used in writing several prominent languages like Hindi language, Marathi language, Sanskrit language and various other Indo-Aryan languages. Kurukh tribal language is chiefly spoken by a huge number of people belonging to the Oraon and Kisan tribal communities. However, in spite of the huge number of speakers of this language, it is still considered at a risk for extermination. Interestingly, Government of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh has commenced Kurux language in those schools where there is a majority of the Oraon or Kurukhar students. Kurukh is being taught in several affiliated colleges and universities like for instance Ranchi University and Siddhu Kanhu University. Moreover, several popular magazines like Nam Kurkhat, Jharkhand Dhara, and more also publish articles in this particular language. A number of books in Kurukh language are also being published from Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh. In the year 2000, the Bible was translated into Kurukh language.

It is sad that this language is quickly disappearing from the urbanized areas of Ranchi. Kurux has the vigesimal number systems and it does not have any generic kinship terms. Aspirates of voiced and voiceless nature have become an integral part of the phonological system of Kurux. Apart from Kurux and Oraon, Kurukh tribal language also has a number of other substitute or alternative names such as Kunrukh, Urang, Morva, Kunna and Birhor. It has two chief dialects and these are Oraon and Kisan. Thus, it can be concluded by saying that the highest percentage of Kurukh speaking people reside in Gumla and Ranchi.

(Last Updated on : 16/01/2015)
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
More Articles in Dravidian Tribal Languages  (3)
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Languages
Munda Language
Munda Language is usually spoken in the central-eastern parts of the country. This Indian tribal language belongs to the Austro-Asiatic tribal language family. It is also spoken in the neighbouring country of Bangladesh.
Telugu is the official language of the Indian state Andhra Pradesh and has a Dravidian origin.
Official languages of India
Official languages of India includes Hindi, Urdu, Marathi, Oriya, English, Punjabi, Bengali, Konkani, Gujarati, etc.
Kharosthi Script
Kharosthi script had much to do with emperor Ashoka, who made use of this style in his Rock Edicts.
Forum on Indian Languages
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Reference
Kurukh Language, Indian Tribal Language - Informative & researched article on Kurukh Language, Indian Tribal Language
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.