(Last Updated on : 25/07/2012)
Benefits and uses of coriander is just another vital and decisive part of the herb, which otherwise would virtually have remained blind to the whole wide world. Indeed, the umpteen uses, employment, utilisations, benefits, exploitations and explorations of coriander begins with the plant's top, perhaps only ending in its root below the surface. One can only imagine what the herb might be just capable of! The herb coriander governs supreme importance in India, which can be considered just a drop in the ocean called the world. This is due to the plant's utilisation in practically almost all the continents and countries, from which India does not lag behind. India is proud to present coriander in its mind-blowing preparations of cuisines and delicacies, spices, stimulant, also acting as a soothing agent in times of sweat and dirt, in ayurvedic medicines and in times of digestive troubles or skin disorders.
All parts of the coriander plant are edible - including its leaves, its fruits, its seeds and its roots. However, the fresh leaves and the dried seeds score over the other two, and are the most commonly employed in cooking. The benefits of coriander are most commonly utilised in Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, Indian, South Asian, Mexican, Latin American, Chinese, African and Southeast Asian cuisine. Apart from the leaves and the stem, the seed of this plant is also used as a significant ingredient in tossing up curries and other dishes. The seed is used just in its original format or it is ground into a powder and used. Coriander seeds also possess crucial and authoritative medicinal properties.
The perennial herb coriander is witnessed to act as a rich source of vital vitamins and minerals. The benefits of coriander as such continuously provide calcium, phosphorus, iron and a few other vitamins such as vitamin B and vitamin C. Regular use of coriander helps to improve the overall health and debars several of the vitamin deficiency diseases. In addition, coriander is also used as a carminative.
Coriander is used in many of the 'folk medicines' (referring to the aboriginal Indian medicinal recipes, still in use in present ). Benefits of coriander finds its medicinal usage in the domain ayurveda and aids in preventing digestive disorders such as indigestion, flatulence and troubles of gas. Coriander leaves helps to boost up appetite and helps to stimulate amongst anorexic patients. Coriander leaves together with hing (asafoetida), rock salt and cumin seeds if blended with buttermilk and consumed after meals, verily helps to perk up digestion and prevents abdominal distention.
Benefits of coriander seeds
Benefits and uses of coriander, with its sheer trace and impression upon every field associated with cooking and consuming travels towards the direction of tea. Indeed coriander tea is recommended for patients suffering from kidney ailments. For preparing coriander tea, coriander seeds need to be first boiled in water for a few minutes and the decoction later must be drank as a medicinal solution. Coriander tea also helps to cure mouth ulcers and swellings. A habitual intake of coriander tea also helps to lessen the cholesterol levels in the blood stream. In instances of diarrhoea, coriander seeds needs to be soaked in water overnight and then consumed together with buttermilk early in the morning.
Benefits of the juice of coriander and its utilisation as an ayurvedic medicine for treating nausea and morning sickness, is incredibly acknowledged in India since long. The herbal juice is also used in the treatment of colitis and some of the specific liver disorders. Coriander seeds also aid in reducing acid peptic disease and also benefits as an ayurvedic medicine in the treatment of dysentery. Coriander seeds also help to lessen abnormal and sudden body fever by inducing copious urination. The plant is used together with other herbs such as dry ginger, benefitting to mitigate respiratory tract infections and cough. In ayurveda, the benefits and employment of coriander is indeed an all-encompassing factor. It serves as an aphrodisiac, digestive, anti-flatulent, tonic, coolant and diuretic. The pungent powder blocks out bad breath and the disagreeable odours of other medicinal herbs, also blunting and wiping up the spasmodic effects of rhubarb and senna. The volatile oils of the seed possess inherent anti-bacterial properties, but research on this topic is still in its stage of early maturation.
Some of the specific ayurvedic medicines also make use of coriander in the treatment of typhoid fevers and in the treatments of hypermenorrhoea, which implies profuse bleeding during menstruation cycles. Benefits of coriander, besides just the rather lighter gastronomic masterpieces, do act severely in such times as this. The decoction of coriander seeds is brilliantly utilised for the problem of abnormal blood flow. Six grams of the seeds should be boiled in half a litre of water, till only one-half the water stays as a residue. Sugar should then be added td it and taken when still warm. The patient is sure to find relief after taking the medicine for 3 or 4 days. A mild decoction of coriander seed is also employed as eyewash to lessen irritation and burning sensation.
Benefits of coriander leaves
The leaves of coriander bear a hugely dissimilar taste from the seeds, with citrus-like connotations. Some people are also of the faith that a disagreeable "soapy" taste or a rank smell is exuded from the leaves, thus making them stay away from eating the leaves. The most wide-spread belief that this has been genetically influenced can also arise from the already-realised genetic variation in taste perception of the synthetic chemical phenylthiocarbamide; nevertheless, no precise relationship has yet been established between cilantro (this is what coriander is referred to as in North and South Americas, Central America and in the Caribbean) and a bitter taste perception gene to lessen the extent of the wondrous benefits of corianders.
Besides the umpteen mind-churning and lip smacking culinary arts all through the world utilising the benefits of coriander, India too tops in the chart of cooking with the medium of coriander. Chopped coriander leaves are vastly employed as a garnish on cooked and prepared dishes such as dal and vegetarian and non-vegetarian curries. Due to the heat diminishing their feeling and tang rather rapidly, coriander leaves are often utilised raw or added to the dish right before serving up. In quite a few Indian and Central Asian recipes, coriander leaves and its benefits are used in considerable amounts and cooked until the flavour dies down. The leaves also possess the weakness to ruin up quickly when removed from the plant and as such, lose their fragrance and characteristic whiff when dried or frozen.
According to historical evolvement of this herb and the benefits of coriander, its leaves were formerly hugely common in European cuisine, but virtually had vanished before the modern period. In present times, European recipes associated with coriander have been successful enough to heavily influence its Indian counterpart; as such an amalgamation of gastronomic ideas have created a canopy of chefs-d'oeuvre for connoisseurs of consuming!
The dry fruits of the herb are known as coriander seeds or coriandi seeds. In particular areas, the use of the word coriander in food preparation always refers to these seeds (implied as a spice), as opposed to the plant itself. The seeds exude out a lemony citrus smack when mashed, due to the presence of the terpenes linalool and pinene. Benefits of coriander fruit also describes itself as serving itself as warm, nutty, spicy and orange-flavour, when treated in the raw manner. They are most normally dried, but can also be eaten green.
The coriander fruit can usually be seen both as whole dried seeds and in the grated and crunched form. The seeds can both be roasted or heated on a dry pan for a short time before grinding to amplify and revise the aroma. Like most other spices, ground coriander seed loses its flavour rapidly after storing for future and is best when ground only prior to the necessary moment. In order to get that 'optimum' flavour from the umpteen benefits of coriander, the whole coriander seed needs to be stashed in a tightly sealed container, away from sunlight and heat.
Benefits of coriander seeds further walk up to that extra limit of stretch, by verily serving as a cardinal and central spice in garam masala (a basic blend of ground spices to be used alone or with other seasonings) and Indian curries, which often make use of the ground fruits in ample amounts along with cumin. It also serves as an excellent thickener. Roasted coriander seeds, referred to as dhana dal, are also eaten as a light time snack. This roast also acts as the primary ingredient of the two south Indian gravies, sambhar and rasam.
Benefits of coriander and its seeds also find its chained usage in brewing specific kinds of beer, also witnessed in the Indian wine-making scenario. The coriander seeds are typically used in perfect combination with orange peel to affix a dash of 'citrus' character to these kinds of beer.
Benefits of coriander roots
Coriander roots possess a deeper, more passionate a flavour as compared to its leafy counterpart; they find their usage in a variety of Asian cuisines. Roots of coriander are most frequently utilised in Thai dishes, encompassing soups and curry pastes.
Culinary benefits of coriander
The commonest usage and benefit of coriander seed in culinary arts is in the curry powders, where it serves as the most sizeable component, often ground coarsely in India to lend it a crispy texture. The seeds can be likewise employed largely in stews and soups. Coriander makes itself an easy ingredient of garam masala, pickling spices and pudding spices and is utilised in cakes, breads and other baked foods. Saccharified confections prepared from the seeds, have served as a long-established sweetmeat and breath sweetener. Coriander is one of the most indispensable characteristic of Arab cookery, being common with lamb, kid and meat stuffings. Taklia, a much-admired Arab spice mixture, is actually a preparation of coriander and garlic mashed and fried. Coriander and its benefits go smoothly well with ham and pork, particularly when a dollop of orange has been included. This very element tremendously enhances fish dishes and, when blended with other spices, can form a delicious coating for spiced fish or chicken, rubbed into the scored flesh and grilled.
Stating just an instance of a recipe to benefit from coriander, one can try frying a few seeds with sausages to add a dash of remarkable flavour. Coriander marvellously complements chilli and is included in many chilli recipes, both in India and abroad. The leaves are always utilised in the state when it is most fresh. They voraciously feature in Spanish, Middle Eastern, Indian, Oriental and South American cuisine. The gastronomic delights are further splashed like parsley on cooked dishes, minced or puréed in sauces, soups and curries, especially in bhuna. Both seeds and leaves of coriander can be employed in salads.
Potential medical benefits of coriander
Coriander and its benefits and utilisations have been since historical times, employed in the various clandestine 'folk medicine' for the relief of anxiety and insomnia in the umpteen country-specific aboriginal medicines. Experimentations on mice corroborate its usage as an anxiolytic. Benefits in coriander seeds are also made to be worked in traditional Indian medicinal domain as a diuretic by boiling the same amount of coriander seeds and cumin seeds, later, cooling and consuming the leavened liquid. In holistic and a few traditional medicines, coriander is employed as a carminative and for general digestive assistance. In addition, coriander juice (blended along with either turmeric powder or mint juice) is used by few professionals as a treatment for acne, swabbed on the face like toner. Coriander can also produce an allergic reaction in some people.
Coriander is used in a tremendously prevalent domestic remedy, appreciated especially for its impression upon the digestive system. The benefit of the seed of coriander is exceedingly and profusely exuding senses of being aromatic, carminative, expectorant, narcotic, stimulant and stomachic. It is widely used in curing and remedying indigestion, flatulence, diarrhoea and colic and numerous other stomach disorders. Fresh leaves of the herb is known to cure stomatitis, bad breath and prevents pyorrhea. When application of the coriander juice is being talked about externally, the juice of the leaf can be swabbed over the forehead as a medicine for migraine and other kinds of headaches. Not only this, the juice can also be used as enhancive and cosmetic agent. The essential oil from the coriander plant is used in aromatherapy. Some caution is also advised, however, because if used too freely the seeds become narcotic.
Coriander seed oil acts as an aromatic stimulant, a carminative (remedial in flatulence), an appetiser and a digestant, perking up the stomach and intestines. It is most normally regarded as a beneficial to the nervous system. Benefits of coriander find its principal usage in screening foul medicines, particularly purgatives, where it has anti-griping characters. Coriander cakes were once regarded against 'St. Anthony's fire' or 'Rose', a severe streptococcal skin infection referred to as erysipelas, which had induced numerous deaths before the initiation of something called 'antibiotics'. In Asia, the benefits of the herb coriander is used against piles, headache and swellings; the fruit is utilised in colic, piles and conjunctivitis; the essential oil in instances of colic, rheumatism and neuralgia; the seeds as a paste for mouth ulceration and a poultice for other ulcers.
Recent studies have confirmed and backed the benefitting utilisation of coriander as a stomach soother for both adults and colicky children. Coriander consists of an antioxidant that aids in preventing animal fats from suddenly turning rancid. The herb also comprises substances that eradicate meat-spoiling bacteria and fungi. These similar substances in cilantro also debar any kind of infection in injuries. Coriander has been established to brilliantly improve tummy ailments of all kinds, from indigestion to flatulence and also in instances of diarrhoea. A mild version of coriander tea can be advocated to children under age 2 for colic. It is regarded as safe for infants also and may alleviate their pain. Benefits of cilantro and coriander (one and the same thing) consist of substances that obliterate specific bacteria and fungi, thereby debarring infections from maturing within wounds. As an anecdote, in times of emergency, one can sprinkle some coriander seed on minor cuts and abrasions after thoroughly washing the bruised area with soap and water. Fascinating new studies hint that coriander possesses intelligent anti-inflammatory effects. Since the pain and ache of arthritis is caused by inflammation, coriander oil cam come to sound help.
The leaves of the herb act as incredible stimulants and tonic. The benefits of coriander aid in strengthening the stomach and boost its action, lessen flatulence, hasten secretion and discharge of urine and reduce fever. The leaves of this aromatic and perennial herb also act as an aphrodisiac, helping in the removal of catarrhal matter and phlegm from the bronchial tubes, thereby countermining any spasmodic turmoils. Coriander seeds aid in reducing fever and boosting an all-encompassing sense of coolness. Coriander juice is extremely advantageous in deficiencies of vitamin A, B, B2, C and iron. One to two teaspoons of coriander juice, added to refreshing buttermilk, is incredibly beneficial in curing digestive disorders such as indigestion, nausea, dysentery, hepatitis and ulcerative colitis. Such gleaming benefits of coriander is also helpful in remedying typhoid fever.
Benefits of dry coriander finds its usage in treating diarrhoea and chronic dysentery, as well as being functional in times of acidity. A chutney prepared from dry coriander, green chillies, grated coconut, ginger and black grapes (without seeds) is an excellent remedy for abdominal pain caused by indigestion. One teaspoon fresh coriander juice, blended with 1 or 2 seeds of banana, administered once daily on a regular basis for a week, is an excellent effective preventive measure against small pox. It is also conceived that applying fresh leaf juice of coriander in the eyes, during an attack of small pox, wonderfully prevents eye damage. A daily benefit of coriander is in drinking of coriander water, assisting in lowering blood cholesterol, as it acts as a good diuretic and perks up the kidney. It is devised by boiling dry seeds of coriander and consequently filtrating the decoction after cooling. As yet another anecdote of coriander, its benefits and utilisations and uses, a decoction prepared from freshly dried coriander goes as excellent eye-lotion in times of painful conjunctivitis. The solution verily relieves burning and lessens pain and inflammation.
A teaspoon of coriander juice, combined with a pinch of turmeric powder, is an effectual therapeutic for cases of pimples, blackheads and dry skin. The mixture however needs to be applied to the face, after washing it thoroughly every night before retiring for bed.
: Dry coriander should always be remembered to be utilised cautiously and carefully by people suffering from bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis.
The young plants of coriander are generously and admiringly employed in chutneys, sauces, curries and soups. The volatile oil within it, is applied for flavouring and in medicinal purposes. When in the dried form, coriander serves as a substantial ingredient of curry powder and is also used in pickling spices, sausages, seasoning and confectionery.