(Last Updated on : 15-06-2012)
Madan Mohan Malviya was a great Indian nationalist and a true Propounder of Hindu culture. He joined the Indian National Congress during its Second session in 1886. He had been associated with the Congress party and twice elected as its president. Later he became the president of the Hindu Mahasabha. He played an important role in bringing about the Congress - League accord. He was the founder of Benaras Hindu University.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, a staunch supporter of Hindu Culture and Civilization was born on 25 December 1861 in a poor family. He was a brilliant student. He completed his graduation in 1891 and later on joined law. But the call of Mother India to free her from the oppressive British rule inspired him to plunge into the freedom struggle.
Malviya was an able parliamentarian. He was elected to the provincial and central Legislatures several times. He was also the editor of "The Hindustan", "The Indian Union" and 'the Abhyudaya'. He was very popular among the Indian masses as well as among the British officers. He was called 'Mahanama' and very much loved by all. Due to the love of his supporters and his long association with the Congress he was elected twice as the president of the Congress. The credit of bringing about the Congress and the Muslim League into one platform and the signing of the Congress - league accord goes to him.
Malviya was a great admirer of Swadeshi goods. He promoted the use of indigenious manufactures and helped to organise the Indian Industrial Conferences and the Uttar Pradesh Industrial Association at Allahabad in 1907. In 1926, he organised his own nationalist party.
The contribution of Madan Mohan Malviya to Indian education has been significant and a mile stone in the field of education. He established the Benaras Hindu University and for several years served as its Vice - Chancellor. While establishing this University he collected funds from the rulers. In spite of their disagreement with his views the landlords and Maharajas generously contributed for this noble cause. His appeal was so very convincing and impressive that no one dared to deny him.
Malviya was a great exponent of Indian Culture. He become famous for his social, ethical and educational upliftment. He died in 1946 at the age of 85.