Star Anise - Informative & researched article on Star Anise
 Indianetzone: Largest Free Encyclopedia of India with thousand of articlesIndian Food


in  
 Art & Culture|Entertainment|Health|Reference|Sports|Society|Travel
Forum  | Free E-magazine  | RSS Feeds  
Indian Food|Indian Religion|Indian Personalities|Indian Villages|Kamasutra|Indian Costume|Indian Weddings|Astrology|Indian Jewellery|Indian Women|Indian Tribals
Home > Society > Indian Food > Indian Spices > Types of spices > Fruits Type Spices > Star Anise
Star Anise
It is of Chinese origin and Indians know the use of this spice upto limited extent.
 
 Star Anise FruitBotanical name:Illicium verum Hook.
Family name:Magnoliaceae.

Indian names are as follows:
Hindi:Anasphal
Marathi:Badian
Tamil:Anashuppu, Anasipu
Telugu:Anaspuvu.
This plant does not occur in India. But because of its Asian origin, and traditional interaction with China since ancient period, Indians know the use of this spice up to limited extent.

The plant is an evergreen tree attaining a height of 8 to 15 meter and a diameter of about 25 cm. Leaves entire, 10 to 15 cm long and 2.5 to 5 cm broad, elliptic to oblanceolate; flowers solitary, white or red in color; fruit star shaped, reddish brown, consisting of eight carpels (follicles) arranged in a whorl around a short central column; each follicle 12 to 17 mm long, boat shaped, hard and wrinkled, containing a seed; seeds brown, compressed ovoid, smooth, shiny, brittle. The carpels have a pleasant anise like odor and aromatic, sweet, anise like taste; the seeds have the same to a much lesser extent. It is available whole, and is not usually ground.

Fruit of the plant, particularly the fresh fruit yield a volatile oil, which has considerable commercial value. The yield of oil from fresh fruit is 3 to 3.5%. The oil is colorless or pale yellow with the characteristic odor and aromatic taste of true anise oil. Anethole is the main constituent (85 to 90%) of the oil. Star anise oil is in the pharmacopoeias of many countries.

The fatty oil can be used as a raw material for soap. After refining it can be consumed as edible oil.

Star anise fruit has an agreeable, aromatic, sweet taste and a pleasant odor resembling anise. It is used as a condiment for flavoring curries, confectioneries and spirits, and for pickling. It is also used in perfumery. The fruit is chewed to sweeten the bad breath and help in digestion.

The fruit has a number of medicinal virtues. It is not only applied as part of folk medicinal system but also for manufacture of branded medicines in China. It is also applied externally for skin diseases.

(Last Updated on : 06/01/2009)
More Articles in Fruits Type Spices  (14)
 
Tamarind  (1)
 
Vanilla  (1)
 
Nutmeg  (1)
 
 
Kokam  
 
Mace  
 
 
Recently Updated Articles in Indian Food
Cuisine of Rayalaseema
Rayalaseema is situated in Andhra Pradesh. Cuisine of Rayalaseema consists of various main courses and side dishes.
Modaka
Modaka is a special delicacy that is offered as prasad to Lord Ganesha on Ganesh Chaturthi in Orissa.
Mace
Mace is known to be the aromatic product hugely used in Indian recipes. Mace can be used as the substitution nutmeg or cinnamon.
Poppy Seed Oil
Poppy Seed Oil, obtained from the small, dark seeds of the poppy flower, is a great choice for salad dressings.
Shallot
The flavour of shallots is somewhat milder than that of onion considered as non-vegetarian food in India.
E-mail this Article | Post a Comment
Forum
Forum on Indian Food
Free E-magazine
Subscribe to Free E-Magazine on Society
 
 
Star Anise - Informative & researched article on Star Anise
Sitemap
Contact Us   |   RSS Feeds
Copyright © 2008 Jupiter Infomedia Ltd. All rights reserved including the right to reproduce the contents in whole or in part in any form or medium without the express written permission of
Jupiter Infomedia Ltd.