(Last Updated on : 27/01/2014)
The term NRI means 'a non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country, a person of Indian origin who is born outside India, or a person of Indian origin who resides outside India.' The word NRI in its common usage, also often includes the Indian born individuals and the people with Indian blood of other nations, who have taken the citizenship of other countries. 'Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI)' scheme has been recently introduced by the Indian government in order to allow a limited form of dual citizenship to Indians, NRIs and PIOs for the first time since independence.
Some of notable non-resident Indians are Salman Rushdie
, Attipat Krishnaswami Ramanujan, Amitav Ghosh
, Anita Desai
, Jhumpa Lahiri, Shashi Tharoor
, Vikram Seth
, Nirad Chaudhari
, Dr. Hargovind Khorana
, Amartya Sen
, Ismail Merchant
, Manoj Night Shyamalan
, Sabeer Bhatia
, Swaraj Paul
, Dr. L.Subramaniam et al. These NRIs are the eminent personalities in particular field of studies.
Among these famous personalities some are literary personalities. Salman Rushdie is an Indian NRI and is an eminent writer. This British-Indian novelist and essayist, Salman Rushdie is the insignia of the term free speech. Arguably he is also the most outstanding novelist of the late 20th century for his literary achievements and is a romantic writer, a lewd critic of colonialism. Amitav Ghosh is one of the most illustrious non-residential Indian with strong themes interweaves Indo-nostalgic elements into his work. Amitav Ghosh's work is not easy to label as they are attributed with strong themes but are not conventional. Postcolonializm and Indo-nostalgic elements are the ruling elements in his work that established him as the writer and journalist. This finer quality made him the one of the prominent writer of his generation. Moreover, another literary personality has presented her literary works with the themes like German anti-Semitism, western stereotypical views of India and the demise of the tradition. These has enriched the write ups of the renowned NRI, Anita Desai. This fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in London has explained on her work: 'My novels are no reflection of Indian society, politics or character. They are my private attempt to seize upon the raw material of life.'
A writer and a storyteller Jhumpa Lahiri is a non-residential Indian. Enriched with mental, physical and emotional needs of the character, Jhumpa Lahiri's works has the ability of drawing the readers into story. This unique quality makes her a writer of her own rank. Shashi Tharoor bagged a number of awards in his lifetime. This award winning author, journalist and fellow of the USC Center on Public Diplomacy, is of Indian origin from the state of Kerala
. Shashi Tharoor served as the official candidate of India to the UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. Another literary persona, who is also an NRI, is Vikram Seth. With a strong narrative persona, Vikram Seth has revamped contemporary literature to a great extent. Best known for his novels this non-residential Indian is also a poet. Nirad chaudhari, the last imperialist and self-professed Anglophile, is an illustrious persona. Famous Bengali non-residential Indian writer and a reviewer on Culture, Nirad C. Chaudhuri courted contention in the newly independent India through his book 'The Autobiography of an Unknown Indian'.
A new phase of study begins with Attipat Krishnaswami Ramanujan who was the great thinker and the multinational persona. He has added a distinct dimension to Euro American culture. This non-residential Indian with his matchless doctrine of reason has redefined Euro American culture.
Apart from these fields, some have got recognition in other fields namely science, website, technology, economics, film etc. among them, the name of Dr. Hargovind Khorana can be taken. A Nobel Prize winner, Dr. H. Khorana is being honored as the branch setter in science called Genetic Engineering. In his laboratory, Dr. Khorana was the first one who is responsible for producing the first man made gene.
Dr. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar is reckoned as one of the greatest astrophysicists of modern time. According to R. J. Tayler's writing: 'Chandrasekhar was a classical applied mathematician whose research was primarily applied in astronomy and whose like will probably never be seen again.'
The sixth Indian to get the Nobel and the first Asian winner of the Economics Prize is Amartya Sen who introduced India some beneficial economic theories to India. Another non-residential Indian personality is Ismail Merchant who is not only a film producer but is one of the leading producers of Indian film. An Indian born film producer, Ismail Merchant is best known for his award-winning films produced with director James Ivory - 'Heat and Dust', 'A Room with a View', 'Howards End', 'The Remains of the Day to name just a few'. Manoj Night Shyamalan, an Academy Award nominated film writer and director and highest paid scriptwriter and one of the best-paid directors in Hollywood, has become the most recognized Indian name in Hollywood with his phenomenal success.
Sabeer Bhatia is regarded as the forerunner in the field of web-based e-mail. A non-residential Indian Sabeer Bhatia is the name who created the waves in the dot Com field. A Britain based business magnate, Lord Swaraj Paul is a philanthropist. Swaraj Paul's company developed into one of the leading producers of welded steel tube and spiral-welded pipe in the UK. In the year 1978, he was knighted by the British Queen and became the Lord Paul of Marylebone and a member of the House of Lords. Dr. L. Subramaniam, a phenomenon, a perfect virtuoso master of improvisation and violin icon of India is also complemented as the living legend. India's violin icon, 'The Paganini of Indian Classical music
', 'the God of Indian Violin' is the little honor of an Indian musician
combined with the magnetism of a western 'star'.