(Last Updated on : 06/01/2018)
are one of the major indigenous tribes inhabited in the Patkai hills of Longding district in Arunachal Pradesh
. They have a population of 35,000. Culturally Naga, they are ethnically related to the Nocte
and Konyak Naga of the Mon and Tirap districts
. The Wancho language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family.
Origin of Wancho Tribe
Wancho had relation with Naga tribes
state like most of the tribal communities
of north-eastern states of India
; Wancho tribes too are maintaining their ancient tradition and customs
intact. They are mainly head hunters. They share a close affinity to the Nocte and the Konyak Naga residing in Mon and Tirap districts.
Society of Wancho Tribe
The Wancho tribes lead a very simple life. For better administration, they have formed a council of aged headmen
, known as Wangchu-Wangcha. Since long time, they used to govern the Wancho tribes. They have a peculiar tradition of keeping skulls of the dead man and also display them in few of the dormitories which are popularly known as Murung
. The Wancho fathers impart training to the young Wancho boys in the dormitory so that these boys grow up as perfect man.
Tattooing is considered as another unique custom
that they have adopted from their ancestors, thus helping these tribal people
to reminisce about their golden past. As per their conventional norms, a male Wancho draws beautiful tattoos on his legs and face. The women
embellish themselves with exquisite jewelleries
and bangles. Little bit of tattooing also acts as jewels thereby making these beautiful Wancho women even more beautiful.
Religion of Wancho Tribe
In spite of having close relation with Nagas in past years, Wancho were not deviated from their original practices of religion
. Till date, they religiously follow the practice of Animism. They believe that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls. These Animist Wancho believers had immense faith on the existing powerful deities, popularly known as Rang and Baurang. Apart from them, there are quite a few Wancho people who have adept to the religious practices of those of Protestant Christians
Festivals of Wancho Tribe
highlight the cultural exuberance of Wancho tribes. Amongst these festivals, the main festival of the Wancho is Ojiyele
, usually held in the months of March to April for a period of 6 to 12 days. The villagers exchange bamboo
tubes filled up with rice
beer thus marking the salutation and grace. As a mark of honour and respect, pork skin is then given to the village chief. A long ceremonial pole, popularly known as Jangban, has been built during the Ojiyele festival where all men and women of the Wancho tribes dance
in great enthusiasm.