(Last Updated on : 11/01/2013)
Satna district is one of the districts in Madhya Pradesh
. It is rich in historical aspects. The district is an important distribution centre for agricultural products and cloth fabrics. Formed in the year 1948, Satna district has an area of 7,502 square kilometers.
History of Satna District
Satna district is part of the Baghelkhand region. The rulers of the Rewa District
ruled a large portion of Satna District. The feudatory chiefs under the British East India
Company and later the British government ruled a small portion of the western region. In the early phase of Indian history, the historians pointed out that the Baghelkhand tract gained significant importance in Indian art and architecture when the Haihaya, Kalachuris
clan ruled this area. In the third and the fourth century BC that is during the rule of Gupta Empire
, Satna District reached at its height in art and architecture. Later the Delhi Sultans and the Mughal Emperors
of India upto 1707 (death of Aurangzeb
) ruled this district. In 1803, after the Treaty of Bassein
, the British East India Company made the proposals of alliance to the ruler of Rewa District. However, the rulers of Rewa of that time rejected the proposal of British Government. After the Sepoy Mutiny 1857
, the Satna District came under the hands of British Government.
Geography of Satna District
On the north of Satna district lies Uttar Pradesh
; on its east is the Rewa District, on the south Umaria District
and Katni districts
, and on the west Panna District
.The district is part of Rewa Division. It is located at 80"21` and 81"23` East longitude and 23" 58` and 25"12` north latitude. Tons River
, Son River
and Paisuni River are the important rivers of the district draining it into the Bay of Bengal
through the Ganga River
. During summer, the maximum temperature is 45 degree Celcius and minimum is 22-degree celcius. In winter, the temperature is 24-degree celcius and minimum is 4-degree celcius.
Demography of Satna District
Satna district had a population of 2,228,619. This was revealed according to the population Census of India in 2011. Out of which the male and female were 1,156,734 and 1,071,885 respectively. The data released by Census India 2011 illustrates that density of Satna district is 297 people per sq. km.
Culture of Satna District
Satna district is proud to have two major religious tourist places- Chitrakoot
. Another popular place of attraction is the ancient Buddhist city of "Bharhut" (Bharhut Stupa
), whose archeological remains have been gifted to the major museums in the country and the world. Tulsi Archaeological Museum
at Ram Van has many unique artistic sculptures of ancient times that were found in this area. Lord Shiva
Temple at Birsinghpur
is also a famous and old temple in the region. Satna District has few festivals, which are part of Madhya Pradesh culture. Festivals like Kalidasa
festival, Nimar Utsav, Tansen
Samaroh, Lok rang festivals are the important ones.
Education of Satna District
The average literacy rate of Satna was 73.79 according to the Census 2011. The important schools and colleges of Satna District are I.T.I School, A.H. High school, Araya Kanya High School, Booti Bai School, C.M.A School, Girvan School, Government Venkat No1 High School, VIP Champion High School, Janta School, Sindhu School, Government College, Kamala Nehru
College and Law College.
Economy of Satna District
The economy of the Satna District is dependent on the cement manufacturing, handloom weaving, flour, oilseed
milling, and the distribution of agricultural and fabric products.
Tourism of Satna District
The tourists flock to the Satna District because of its religious, natural and archeological evidences. Some of the most notable tourist attraction sites are Chitrakoot Dham
, Maihar, Griddhraj Parvat, Bharut, etc. The other important visiting places of Satna district are the Tulsi museum at Ram Van, Lord Shiva Temple at Sohawal, which is 7 km away from Satna in Panna road.
To reach Satna District, the nearest airport is Khajuraho
, which is approximately 130 kilometres from Satna and it is connected through Chhatarpur District
- Satna Road. Satna city is well connected with its neighbouring cities. The national highway number seven (NH 7) through Mahiar-Amarpatan root is well connected with the state High Way of Chhatarpur-Rewa.