(Last Updated on : 22/02/2017)
Types of Gymnastic in India
include Artistic gymnastics, Rhythmic gymnastics, Acrobatic gymnastics, Aerobic gymnastics and the non-competitive gymnastics. Gymnastics came to India at the 2010 Commonwealth Games, where Ashish Kumar
won the first-ever medal in gymnastics. Another gymnast Dipa Karmakar
also scored a bronze medal in the Gymnastics at the 2014 Commonwealth Games - Women's vault, making her the first female Indian gymnast to do so.
Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which athletes perform short routines on different apparatus, with less time for vaulting.
Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which individuals or groups of five or more manipulate one or two pieces of apparatus: rope, hoop, ball, clubs, ribbon and freehand. Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation. The victor is the participant who earns the most points, determined by a panel of judges, for leaps, balances, pirouettes (pivots), apparatus handling, and execution. The choreography must cover the entire floor and contain a balance of jumps, leaps, pivots, balances (a certain number is required depending on the gymnast's level) and flexibility movements. Each movement involves a high degree of athletic skill. Physical abilities needed by a rhythmic gymnast include strength, power, flexibility, agility, dexterity, endurance and hand-eye coordination.
Acrobatic gymnastics, which is previously known as the sport acrobatics is a competitive gymnastic discipline where partnerships of gymnasts work together and perform figures consisting of acrobatic moves, dance and tumbling, set to music. There are three types of routines; a 'balance' routine where the focus is on strength, poise and flexibility; a 'dynamic' routine which includes throws, somersaults and catches, a "combined" routine which includes elements from both balance and dynamic.
Aerobic gymnastics or sport aerobics is a competitive sport originating from traditional aerobics in which complex, high-intensity movement patterns and elements of varying difficulty are performed to music.
General gymnastics or Non Competitive Gymnastics enables people of all ages and abilities to participate in performance groups of six to more than 150 athletes. They perform synchronized, choreographed routines. Troupes may consist of both genders and are not separated into age divisions.