(Last Updated on : 15/05/2017)
Musical Instruments of the Assam
add to the rhythm of the festivals
of the state. Assam is land of beautiful culture
and tradition. To enrich the culture of this land, the traditional music of different tribes
and sub-tribes of the state has played a major role. Music
is an integral part of Assam and there are various musical instruments
. It is the music of Assam
through which everybody celebrates any festival or occasion and that is why there are abundance of musical instruments available across the state.
A list of some of the popular musical instruments of the Assamese and also the Bodo people from the state are given below;
- Gogona is a type of Jews harp
, a reed instrument that is used for traditional music especially for Bihu
. The Gogona is made of a piece of bamboo
that has a bifurcation on one end. The solid end is gripped with teeth and the free end is struck repeatedly with fingers to emit the distinctive sound of the instrument.
- Dhol is an important part of the folk culture of Assam
. This drum
like instrument is used to maintain the merry rhythm of Bihu. People of Assam consider the Dhol to be the instrument of the Gods
Singa or Pepa
- The Singa or Pepa is an integral part of Bihu and hence an integral part of Assamese culture. The word Singa has come from Sing or horn and is made of a buffalo horn with a bamboo pipe thrust into it.
- Khol is also known as Mridanga
in Bengali language
. It is a terracotta two-sided drum for devotional music. The khol is an integral part of Vaishnava
music in Assam.
- The Tokari is a kind of musical instrument with a single string
which is played with fingers. It is mainly used for Tokari Geet.
Apart from these, there are musical instruments used by the Bodo tribe
that include the following;
- This is a long bamboo flute
having 5 holes.
- It is violin
-like instrument that has a round body and the scroll is bent forward.
- The Tharkha is a block of bamboo split into two halves for clapping.
- Kham is a long drum made of wood and goat skin.