(Last Updated on : 11/05/2017)
Folk Music of Assam
is equally rich like the states rich culture. Its richness can be very well noticed in its different types of folk music
which reflects the life of the folk people. Since the origin of the mighty Brahmaputra River
, Assamese music
has been affluent. Nevertheless, the introduction of Indian Classical music
and Religious music
of Mahapurux Sankardeva
has added precious stones to the coronet of Assamese folk music, which dates back to several centuries and evidences of practice of music are found during the 2nd century.
Folk Music of Assam is rich and encompasses different types of folk music. Some of the famous Folk Music of Assam is as follows;
: The festival of Bihu
is the heart and soul of Assamese culture
and Bihugeet are the songs sung during this festival. The carnival of life is expressed through Bihu songs. These songs are performed by youth, which is characterized by, flinging and flipping of hands, brisk stepping and swaying of hips.
: Kamrupiya Lokageet is a popular form of folk music of Assam, which is basically sung in lower Assam. This music developed during the reign of Kamrupa Kingdom
. These songs are based on various human emotions, especially of common people. It is known for its richness of musical style.
: Goalporiya Lokgeet is a form of folk music of Assam, which is mainly sung in the Goalpara district
of Assam. It is basically lyrical song of Goalpara based mainly on love.
: Tokari Geet is another type of folk music of Assam which is based on different Indian mythological stories
as well as the social life of people. These songs are performed with Tokari, a folk musical instrument
with a single string played with fingers, cymbals
. These songs are mainly sung by the male folk led by a leader.
: Aainam is a devotional folk music of the state, which is sung by the women. It is related to death
and illness, and is sung when someone in the family is suffering from some serious sickness, especially small pox
. It is sung by women clapping their hands to praise the Goddess
and is still prevalent in lower Assam.
: Bianaam is another popular form of folk music of Assam, which is prevalent in both Upper Assam
and Lower Assam
. These are basically marriage songs
sung during the marriage and are generally fun making the bride and groom. These songs illustrate epic stories of King Baana
and his daughter Usha
who was married to Anniruddha
, the grandson of Lord Krishna
. These songs are particularly sung by the women folk of the society.
Apart from the above mentioned, there are several other types namely, Nawariageets
, Jhumur, Bongeet
, Dihanaam, Jikir and Zari
, Hiranaam, Nichukoni geet
, Gorokhiya Naam, Deori Mosaia, Holi Geet, Nao Khelor geet, Dehbichar Geet
, Siyaan Geet, etc.