(Last Updated on : 27/12/2016)
North Indian States are established from the early era. These states are politically mapped in 1767 by the British East India Company
, but these cities were developed from the era of Indus Valley Civilization
. The social, cultural, linguistic and religious unity helped the North Indian states to promote in the industry of tourism to the modern world.
The northern part of India is a loosely defined region consisting of Indus-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayan Mountain Range in India, which demarcate the region from the Tibetan Plateau and Central Asia. The modern North Indian states are Punjab
, Jammu & Kashmir
, Himachal Pradesh
, Uttar Pradesh
and the Union Territories of Delhi
History of North Indian States
The Northern part of modern India has been the historical centre of the Mauryan Empire, Gupta Empire, Pala Empire, Harshas Empire, Mughal Empire, Maratha Empire, Sur, Sikh and British Indian Empire. The northern states have a diverse culture, and includes different destinations like Char Dham
, Vaishno Devi
and Pushkar, the Buddhist pilgrimage centers of Sarnath
, the Sikh Golden Temple as well as world heritage sites such as the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
, Forts in Rajasthan
, Jantar Mantar
(Jaipur), Bhimbetka Caves, Sanchi Monuments, Qutb Minar
, Red Fort
, Agra Fort
, Fatehpur Sikri
and Taj Mahal
Punjab is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. The state capital is located in Chandigarh. The culture of Punjab includes the music such as "bhangra", a widespread religious and non-religious dance tradition, a long history of poetry in the Punjabi language, a significant Punjabi film industry which dates back to before Partition, a vast range of cuisine which has become widely popular abroad, and a number of seasonal and harvest festivals such as Lohri
Festival, Vasant Panchami
, Vaisakhi and Teeyan, all of which are celebrated.
Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is a state in northern India located mostly in the Himalayan mountain Range. This state shares borders with the states of Himachal Pradesh
and Punjab to the south. Jammu and Kashmir has tourist destinations like Vaishno Devi
, Ladakh, Khardongla Pass
, Golf clubs, hill stations and the eco tourism spots.
Haryana is spread about 44,212 square km. The city of Chandigarh is its capital while the NCR city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state. Haryana is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The Yamuna River
defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh.
Himachal Pradesh is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab and Chandigarh on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east.
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. Lucknow
is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Kanpur
, Raebareli, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh
, Sonbhadra, and Varanasi
are known for their industrial and tourism importance.
Uttarakhand is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the "Devbhumi" due to many Hindu temples and Buddhist pilgrimage centers. Uttarakhand is noted for the Himalayan Mountain Range
, the Bhabhar and the Terai.