(Last Updated on : 14/12/2016)
The National Capital Territory of Delhi
has been the cradle of many chronologies and events through Indian History
. Most notable for having been the capital of the mighty Mughal Empire
, Delhis monuments are standing embodiments of the architectural splendour prevalent in the Mughal era.
Red Fort, Delhi
is a prime historical monument of India, a standing embodiment of architectural finesse during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The fort was constructed when Shah Jahan
, in 1639, shifted the capital of the empire from Agra
to Delhi to elevate his regimes esteem and fulfill his motivated building plans. It took 9 years to complete in 1648 and served as the residence of the Mughal emperor till Bahadur Shah Zafar
s regime. The majestic fort houses a number of imposing palaces and museums, like the Diwan-i-Aam, Diwan-i-Khaas, Nahr-i-Behisht, Mumtaz Mahal and others, all of which served specific purposes for Mughal rulers, their wives and mistresses.
Humayuns Tomb, Delhi
is another UNESCO-recognized architectural marvel of the Mughal Dynasty, one of the earliest structures and the first erected on a grand scale in red sandstone. It was commissioned by Emperor Akbar
in 1569-70 and designed under the supervision of Humayuns chief consort Bega Begum.
Jama Masjid, Delhi
The Jama Masjid
in Delhi, built by Emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1656, is one of the largest mosques in India. It encompasses 3 large gates, 4 towers, two 40-metre high minarets constructed of strips of red sandstone and white marble and the courtyard that can accommodate more than 25,000 people. The mosque has been the site of political and religious strife, with two attacks in 2006 and 2010.
Qutub Minar, Delhi
located in Mehrauli area in Delhi is the second highest minar in India standing at 73 metres. Inside the tower, a circular staircase with 379 steps heads to the top. Made of red sandstone and marble, its exterior has bricks covered with intricate iron carvings and verses from the holy Quran
Lodi Tombs, Delhi
of rulers of the Lodi Dynasty
are situated in the scenic beauty of Lodi Gardens in New Delhi. These include Mohammed Shah's Tomb, Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Shisha Gumbad and Bara Gumbad
, architectural works of 15th century by the Lodis who had ruled parts of northern India and Punjab
from 1451 to 1526.
, a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army
who were martyred in the period 1914-21 during World War I
and Safdarjung's Tomb
, a sandstone and marble mausoleum built for Mughal statesman Safdarjung, who was made prime minister of the Mughal Empire under Ahmad Shah Bahadur
s regime, are other notable historical monuments in Delhi.