(Last Updated on : 07/11/2016)
Costumes of South India are known for its simple and graceful look. Temples
and the sarees of south India
top this list. In fact, Indian sarees
can be called the common traditional dress of all women in South India with variations in the style of weaving and draping.
The four South Indian states, namely Kerala
, Andhra Pradesh
and Tamil Nadu
are famous for many reasons. Although there are minor variations in the costumes and ways of wearing, the traditional dresses of South India do not vary too much. The traditional dress of Kerala is the Mundum Neriyathum which is worn by both, men and women of Kerala. Andhra Pradesh is most famous for its rich handloom sarees
but women here can be seen in other dresses too. Karnataka, particularly Bengaluru
, is the silk hub of India and as such Karnataka Silk Sarees are its traditional costume. However, the different drapes of sarees make these sarees unique. The basic and the most traditional womens dress of Tamil Nadu is the Pavada Davani. The rich silk fabric, elaborate weaving designs and contrasting borders have made Kanjivaram Sarees
popular not only in Tamil Nadu and India but all over the world.
The Mundum Neryathum consists of two pieces of cloth- Mundu which is the cloth draped on the lower part of the body and Neriyathu which is worn over a blouse. Mundu is a hand woven cotton cloth which is very comfortable in the summers. It is of white or cream in colour with a colored strip known as Kara meaning border. Traditionally, the Neriyathum is tucked inside the blouse. Sometimes, it is worn over the left shoulder just like the sarees of North India are worn.
The Mundum Neryathum for festive occasion has golden colored borders or a broad zari border known as Kasavu, lending the costume another name- the Kasavu Saree
. Nowadays, these festival sarees of South India also come with borders of copper coated or artificial colour with peacock
designs. The blouse worn by the women of Kerala differs according to the age and marital status. Young unmarried girls traditionally wear green blouse while married women wear red blouses. With time, the Mundum Neriyathum has been replaced by the Kerala Saree.
Sarees of Andhra Pradesh
The traditional dress of Andhra Pradesh is the ethnic handloom sarees that are made at different places and are mostly famous by the names of these places. The silk sarees
made in Dharmavaram of Andhra Pradesh are the coveted sarees for ceremonies and festivals. The Gadwal Sarees
are manufactured in Gadwal
region of Andhra Pradesh. These sarees are famous world over for their cotton body with pure silk
borders and pallu. The Ikkat Sarees were first woven in the Nalgonda district
of Andhra Pradesh. However, now they are famous by the name of Pochampally Sarees
due to their vast scale production in the Pochampally region of Andhra Pradesh. The Mangalgiri Sarees are fine cotton sarees made in the Mangalgiri region of Andhra Pradesh. The Venkatagiri Sarees
are hand woven with locally made jalas. They are fine examples of the jacquard weave.
Sarees of Karnataka
Mysore Silk Sarees
are made with lustrous zari and rich silk. The extraordinary sheen of the fabric and the purity of the zari make these sarees an elegant women dress. The Kornad Sarees
are a mix of cotton and silk. The motifs at border are varied and the body of the saree has checked or striped patterns which are mostly used as daily casual wear sarees. The handloom Irkal Sarees have the beautiful Kasuti embroidery
on them. The motifs on Irkal sarees include architectural designs, cradle, elephant
among others. The Mysore Crepe Silk Sarees are used as office wear sarees due to their light-weight, and easy to care nature.
In Tamil Nadu, Pavada Davani is a three piece clothing which includes a long lower garment resembling a petticoat or a long skirt; a choli blouse and a long dupatta like strip of cloth. It is usually worn by the village girls in Tamil Nadu. However, the Kanchipuram or the Kanjivaram Sarees are the most famous traditional costume of Tamil Nadu. The designs on the body of the saree are woven with gold thread.
Many traditional Indian Sarees of Tamil Nadu, apart from the famous Kanjivaram Sarees, constitute the traditional costume of Tamil Nadu. The Karpur Sarees made in the village of Kolli Karpur is a mixture of hand painting
, block printing
and brocade weaving. The Kora Cotton Sarees, woven widely in Coimbatore district
, have a self-designed jacquard pattern all over. Kurainadu and Kodambakkam Sarees are made by blending cotton
and silk with beautiful geometric and floral designs. The Poornakumbham Cotton Sarees are the fine cotton textured saris woven with Rudraksha
motifs and highlighted with pearls and cross lines. The Chungadi Sarees of Madurai
are basically made with the technique of tie and dye. These sarees have unique Kolam (geometric) or Rangoli patterns with borders in contrast colours. The Tribhuvanam Silk Sarees are made by highly skilled weavers and have floral
designs on them.