(Last Updated on : 30/05/2016)
Tawi River is a river
flowing through the city of Jammu
in the Indian state
of Jammu and Kashmir
. Like with most rivers in the country, Tawi River too is considered sacred and holy.
Origin and Hydrography of Tawi River
Tawi River originates from the lapse of Kali Kundi glacier and adjoining area southwest of Bhadarwah
in the Doda district
of Jammu and Kashmir. The rivers catchment lies at 32 degree 35'-33 degree 5' N latitude and 74 degree 35'-75 degree 45' E longitude. The catchment area of the river stretches up to an area of 2,168 square kilometres, extending to the Indian border at Jammu and falls in the districts of Jammu
and a small part of Doda. Its altitude ranges from 400 metres to up to 4000 metres above mean sea level. The flow of Tawis river water has been decreasing in the recent years, given the retreat of its source glacier Kali Kundi.
Confluence of Tawi River with Chenab River
The Tawi River stretches to a length of about 141 kilometres (88 miles). The river flows through steep hills on either side, excepting the lower reach, for about 35 kilometres (22 miles). The river is about 300 metres (980 feet) wide at the bridge in the Jammu city. After traversing through the city, the river crosses into the Pakistan-administered Punjab and confluences with the Chenab River
, where it is a major left bank tributary of the Chenab.
Flow of Tawi River through Jammu
Tawi River traverses through and divides the city of Jammu in two segments. The old Jammu town is located on the hill overlooking the river Tawi. The new town is across the river. Tawi River is a major source of drinking water for the old city. Untreated sewage in the new city pollutes the river as it passes through it. Four bridges have been built over the Tawi in Jammu city - two join Gumat with Vikram Chowk, the third connects Gujjar Nagar with the Bahu Fort
area while the other joins Bhagwati Nagar with Ratnuchak. A fifth bridge has been built over the river on the city bypass near Nagrota.
Mythological Beliefs associated with Tawi River
in the city of Jammu believe that the Tawi River was brought to Jammu by Raja Pehar Devta, to cure his father. He was given the throne of the city and declared as the 'Raja' with the blessings of "Bawe Wali Shri Mata Kali Ji". Most Hindus of the city at present perform the Mundan ceremony of their children at the "Deva Sthan" of "Pehar Devta Ji" also referred with love as "Bawa Pehar" having his abodes at various places in the Jammu region, but the primary abode at nearby village Katal Batal near Nagrota. The main temple has images of "Pehar Devta" along with snakes and Goddess Kali
. People offer food there to fishes in form of wheat balls and pray for their well-being and prosperity.
Artificial Lake Project at Tawi River
The government of Jammu and Kashmir is in the process of establishing an artificial lake on River Tawi at Bhagwati Nagar in Jammu, for the purpose of tourism
promotion and water supply to the dry areas of the city. A team of officials from Pakistan visited the site and studied the details of the project that will help allay any apprehensions about the violation of provisions of the Indus Water Treaty.
Distinction of Tawi River from Manawar Tawi River
Tawi River is not to be confused with the Manawar Tawi River which is a small rivulet originating in the Thana Mandi area in the Rajouri district
in Jammu. Reportedly named after a Pakistani commando Major Malik Munawar Khan Awan who operated in the area during operation Gibraltar 1965, the Manawar Tawi flows through Chingus, Nowshera and enters Pakistan-administered Punjab at Manawar, to join the Chenab.
Tourism in Jammu District